B-boying or breaking is a style of urban street dance which originated in New York City in the early 1970s. A practitioner, called a b-boy, b-girl or breaker, performs skilled moves typically to hip-hop music. They can compete in individual, two-on-two or crew battles against opposing b-boys and b-girls by performing moves head-to-head on the floor in front of a panel of judges. Breaker purists reject the term ‘‘breakdancing’’ claiming it was invented by the media. There are four main elements:
Toprock – strings of steps performed from a standing position
Downrock, or footwork, floor work – any movement on the floor with the dancer supporting themselves as much with their hands as their feet
Power moves – acrobatic moves requiring momentum, strength and control
Freezes – poses requiring breakers to suspend themselves off the ground using upper body strength.