Pan­cre­atic dis­eases less­ened with veges

Central Leader - - NEWS -

Eat­ing fruit and veg­eta­bles could pro­tect you against pan­cre­atic dis­eases.

A Univer­sity of Auck­land re­search team has found people who eat both fruit and veg­eta­bles may have the best pro­tec­tion against com­mon pan­cre­atic dis­eases, while tobacco use, obe­sity and heavy al­co­hol con­sump­tion are the big­gest risk fac­tors.

The re­search team, led by Dr Max Petrov and Pro­fes­sor John Wind­sor, car­ried out an anal­y­sis of 51 in­ter­na­tional stud­ies that in­cluded more than 3 mil­lion people and nearly 11,000 pa­tients with pan­cre­atic dis­or­ders.

The data showed veg­etable con­sump­tion had a stronger as­so­ci­a­tion with pro­tec­tion against acute pan­cre­ati­tis and fruit con­sump­tion with pro­tec­tion against pan­cre­atic cancer, Petrov says.

They also found smok­ers had an 87 per cent greater risk of ac­quir­ing a pan­cre­atic dis­ease com­pared with those who had never smoked.

Tobacco use and heavy al­co­hol use were found to have big­ger ef­fects on the risk of acute pan­cre­ati­tis and chronic pan­cre­ati­tis than on pan­cre­atic cancer.

The 51 stud­ies in­cluded in the re­view came from the United States, Swe­den, Ja­pan, Aus­tria, Den­mark, Nor­way and Sin­ga­pore.

‘‘Un­for­tu­nately no qual­ity pop­u­la­tion-based study came from New Zealand, re­flect­ing a lack of na­tional link­age of health data,’’ Petrov says.

‘‘There is a strong need to in­vest in a health data link­age sys­tem here if risk and pro­tec­tive fac­tors for dis­eases of the pan­creas and other or­gans are to be un­veiled.’’

Pan­cre­atic dis­eases af­fect more than 330,000 people each year in the US. Pan­cre­atic cancer is pre­dicted to be­come the leading cause of cancer deaths by 2050.

Photo: GETTY IM­AGES

Five-a-day: A Univer­sity of Auck­land re­search team has found that people who eat both fruit and veg­eta­bles may have the best pro­tec­tion against com­mon pan­cre­atic dis­eases.

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