Fourteen challenges were identified from the input of 40 - unfortunately unspecified - countries who contributed to what America’s National Academy of Engineering called a major visioning exercise to highlight what areas of engineering will have great potential for improving mankind’s quality of life. The challenges were: • Make solar energy economical. • Provide energy from fusion. • Develop carbon sequestration methods. • Manage the nitrogen cycle. • Provide access to clean water. • Restore and improve urban
infrastructure. • Advance health informatics. • Engineer better medicines. • Reverse-engineer the brain. • Prevent nuclear terror. • Secure cyberspace. • Enhance virtual reality. • Advance personalized learning. • Engineer the tools of scientific discovery.
To address these challenges the NAE reckons the successful future engineer will need strong analytical skills, practical ingenuity, creativity, good communication skills, business and management knowledge, leadership, high ethical standards, professionalism, dynamism, agility, resilience, flexibility, and the pursuit of lifelong learning.