The crisis in numbers
• Last month the UN increased its appeals for Somalia and Kenya by US$600m, bringing the funding shortfall to US$1.47 billion. • A total of almost 12 million people are affected so far: 4.5 million in Ethiopia, 3.5 million in Kenya, 2.85 million in Somalia, and 600,000 in Uganda. A further 7.5 million people in Ethiopia are receiving targeted food or cash-based assistance through the government-run Productive Safety Net Programme. • Malnutrition figures across the region show many affected areas are far beyond the “very critical” threshold of 20 per cent General Acute Malnutrition (GAM) and 5 per cent Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) established by the WHO. A survey conducted in Bokolmayo camp in Ethiopia found GAM rates amongst new arrivals of 47.2 per cent and SAM rates of 23.6 per cent. • Prices of staple cereals in the region remain much higher than last year. In southern Somalia, red sorghum prices have risen by up to 240 per cent over the last year. • Around 9000 refugees a week have been arriving in the Dadaab camp in north-eastern Kenya, compared to an average of 6-8000 a month during 2010.