Bicycles, shared car schemes, buses or the subway – New Yorkers have a range of low-cost and carbon-efficient alternatives to traversing their city. The subway hardly counts as a new project, but recent years have seen it cleaned up and made safer and more efficient. Even Brooklyn’s G-line, notorious just 15 years ago, is now a breeze. Compared to other large cities, it’s relatively cheap at US$ 2.25 a trip and better still, runs 24 hours a day.
Above ground, the city is remarkably bicycle-friendly, with around 260km of dedicated cycle lanes and many “greenways”, or bicycle and walking tracks through narrow urban parks connecting neighbourhoods. Every year, the city council publishes a detailed, updated map for all five boroughs. nycbikemaps.com