12 principles of permaculture
1. Observe and interact: Engage with the natural world to design solutions suiting specific situations.
2. Catch and store energy: Collect extra resources for use in times of need.
3. Obtain a yield: Get useful rewards as a part of your work.
4. Apply self-regulation and accept feedback: Work with systems and not against them; inappropriate activity can have negative impacts on successive generations.
5. Value renewable resources and services: Reduce consumptive behaviour and dependence on non-renewable materials. 6. Produce no waste: Make use of all resources.
7. Design from patterns to details: Observe nature’s patterns. Use these to guide design.
8. Integrate rather than segregate: Use interrelationships that work to support each other.
9. Use small and slow solutions: They are easier to maintain, use local resources better and create more sustainable outcomes.
10. Use and value diversity: Reduce vulnerability by embracing diversity.
11. Use edges and value the marginal: The interfaces between things are often the most valuable, diverse and productive elements (a coastline, for example).
12. Creatively use and respond to change: Have a positive impact on inevitable change by observing, and intervening at the right time.