12 prin­ci­ples of per­ma­cul­ture

Element - - LIFESTYLE -

1. Ob­serve and in­ter­act: En­gage with the nat­u­ral world to de­sign so­lu­tions suit­ing spe­cific sit­u­a­tions.

2. Catch and store en­ergy: Col­lect ex­tra re­sources for use in times of need.

3. Ob­tain a yield: Get use­ful re­wards as a part of your work.

4. Ap­ply self-reg­u­la­tion and ac­cept feed­back: Work with sys­tems and not against them; in­ap­pro­pri­ate ac­tiv­ity can have neg­a­tive im­pacts on suc­ces­sive gen­er­a­tions.

5. Value re­new­able re­sources and ser­vices: Re­duce con­sump­tive be­hav­iour and de­pen­dence on non-re­new­able ma­te­ri­als. 6. Pro­duce no waste: Make use of all re­sources.

7. De­sign from pat­terns to de­tails: Ob­serve na­ture’s pat­terns. Use th­ese to guide de­sign.

8. In­te­grate rather than seg­re­gate: Use in­ter­re­la­tion­ships that work to sup­port each other.

9. Use small and slow so­lu­tions: They are eas­ier to main­tain, use lo­cal re­sources bet­ter and cre­ate more sus­tain­able out­comes.

10. Use and value di­ver­sity: Re­duce vul­ner­a­bil­ity by em­brac­ing di­ver­sity.

11. Use edges and value the mar­ginal: The in­ter­faces be­tween things are of­ten the most valu­able, di­verse and pro­duc­tive el­e­ments (a coast­line, for ex­am­ple).

12. Cre­atively use and re­spond to change: Have a pos­i­tive im­pact on in­evitable change by ob­serv­ing, and in­ter­ven­ing at the right time.

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