BY THE NUM­BERS:

Paris Cli­mate Sum­mit

Element - - Climate Change -

190

The num­ber of gov­ern­ments con­ven­ing in Paris to­day to dis­cuss a pos­si­ble new global agree­ment on cli­mate change.

2C

The tem­per­a­ture in­crease deemed to be ac­cept­able by the world’s gov­ern­ments.

5C

The pro­jected tem­per­a­ture in­crease based on cur­rent emis­sion lev­els of green­house gases. It is gen­er­ally ac­cepted that a 5C rise in tem­per­a­ture would be cat­a­strophic.

20

The num­ber of years global ne­go­ti­a­tions on cli­mate change have been go­ing.

5%

The emis­sions cuts that were to be made by 2012, com­pared with 1990 lev­els, agreed in 1997 un­der the Ky­oto Pro­to­col. It was never rat­i­fied by the US Congress, and with the world’s largest emit­ter out­side of the Pro­to­col, it fal­tered. None of the coun­tries in the Pro­to­col that blew their emis­sions tar­gets have ever been sanc­tioned.

196

The num­ber of coun­tries in agree­ment on emis­sions re­duc­tions at the Copen­hagen Cli­mate Sum­mit of 2009. Un­for­tu­nately it didn’t trans­late into a legally bind­ing treaty.

40%

The emis­sions cut pledge from the EU for Paris, com­pared with 1990 lev­els.

26-28%

The emis­sions cut pledge from the US, com­pared with 2005 lev­els.

2030

The year China has said its emis­sions will peak.

2.7C

The coun­tries of the world re­spon­si­ble for two thirds of emis­sions have come up with their tar­gets (known as In­tended Na­tion­ally De­ter­mined Con­tri­bu­tions). To­gether, th­ese emis­sions cuts, if achieved, will mean a global tem­per­a­ture in­crease of 2.7C.

42%

Ac­cord­ing to the re­cently pub­lished state of the en­vi­ron­ment re­port, New Zealand saw a 42 per cent in­crease in net green­house gas emis­sions be­tween 1990 and 2013.

11%

The New Zealand gov­ern­ment is bring­ing to Paris an In­tended Na­tion­ally De­ter­mined Con­tri­bu­tion tar­get of re­duc­ing emis­sions by 11 per cent from 1990 lev­els by 2030. This has been crit­i­cised as in­suf­fi­cient by in­de­pen­dent en­vi­ron­men­tal mon­i­tors Cli­mate Ac­tion Tracker.

80%

The amount of al­ready dis­cov­ered re­serves of oil, gas and coal that will have to re­main in the ground to stay within safe lim­its for the cli­mate.

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