SIX STEPS

TO A FULLY DRIVER­LESS CAR

Idealog - - IDEALOG / CHORUS -

The Na­tional High­way Traf­fic Safety Ad­min­is­tra­tion, and most au­to­mated car de­vel­op­ers, use a six-stage pro­gres­sion to de­scribe au­to­mated driv­ing sys­tems, mov­ing from com­plete driver con­trol to full au­ton­omy.

LEVEL 0:

The hu­man con­trols it all – like we've been do­ing all along.

LEVEL 1:

Most func­tions are still con­trolled by the driver, but a spe­cific func­tion( like steer­ing or accelerating) can be done au­to­mat­i­cally by t he car.

LEVEL 2:

The car takes over two or more func­tions. For ex­am­ple, t here might be adap­tive cruise con­trol com­bined with tech­nol­ogy that keeps a car in its lane. Level 2 cars are al­ready on the road.

LEVEL 3:

Driv­ers are still be­hind the wheel at all times, but t hey ab­di­cate con­trol un­der cer­tain con­di­tions — on mo­tor­ways, for ex­am­ple, or at cer­tain speeds. The driver must be ready to take over at any­time, with the car al­low­ing some­time to make the tran­si­tion. Such cars are be­ing tested but are not yet on the mar­ket. Still, they might be avail­able be­fore 2020.

LEVEL 4:

The ve­hi­cle is fully au­ton­o­mous un­der most but not all driv­ing sce­nar­ios. All the driver needs to do is say where he or she wants togo, then sit back and en­joy the ride. Level 4 might ex­clude con­di­tions like gravel roads or ex­treme weather. Ex­perts say level 4 cars are likely to ap­pear some­time be­tween 2020 and 2025, prob­a­bly nearer 2025 in New Zealand.

LEVEL 5:

This refers toa fully au­ton­o­mous sys­tem that ex­pects the ve­hi­cle’ s per­for­mance to equal that of a hu­man driver in ev­ery driv­ing sce­nario. At this“au­to­mated chauf­feur” level, a blind per­son or a child could hop in the car. We are prob­a­bly look­ing at 2030 or be­yond for this level.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from New Zealand

© PressReader. All rights reserved.