To­day in his­tory

Manawatu Standard - - COMMENT&OPINION -

1544 – Swe­den’s King Gus­tavus I forms al­liance with France to counter Den­mark’s al­liance with the Holy Ro­man Em­pire.

1759 – The French for­mally sur­ren­der Que­bec to the Bri­tish.

1793 – Ge­orge Wash­ing­ton lays the US Capi­tol Build­ing’s corner­stone in Wash­ing­ton.

1810 – Chile de­clares its in­de­pen­dence from Spain.

1850 – US Congress passes the Fugi­tive Slave Act, which al­lows slave own­ers to re­claim slaves who es­caped to free states.

1851 – The New York Times news­pa­per pub­lishes its first is­sue.

1860 – Ital­ian troops un­der Count Camillo Cavour de­feat Pa­pal forces at Castelfi­dardo.

1927 – The Columbia Phono­graph Broad­cast­ing Sys­tem – later CBS – de­buts in the United States with a net­work of 16 ra­dio sta­tions.

1937 – New Zealand’s first state house is handed over to its ten­ants, in Mi­ra­mar, Welling­ton.

1961 – Swedish UN Sec­re­tarygen­eral Dag Ham­marskjold, 56, is killed in air crash in north­ern Rhode­sia – now Zam­bia – while on a peace mis­sion to Congo.

1988 – Burma’s mil­i­tary com­man­der San Maung over­throws Burma’s civil­ian Pres­i­dent Maung Maung in coup.

1994 – US Pres­i­dent Bill Clin­ton an­nounces Haiti’s strong­man Raoul Ce­dras has agreed to leave power by Oc­to­ber 15 and per­mit US troops to en­ter the coun­try.

2001 – Let­ters post­marked in Tren­ton, New Jersey, that test pos­i­tive for an­thrax are sent to the New York Post and the US NBC broad­cast­ing net­work an­chor Tom Brokaw.

2002 – Bu­rundi’s gov­ern­ment reports 173 civil­ians are killed by uni­formed gun­men. It was one of the worst mas­sacres in the coun­try’s 9-year-old civil war be­tween the Hutu and Tutsi eth­nic groups.

2008 – Som­chai Wong­sawat is in­au­gu­rated as Thai­land’s prime min­is­ter.

2009 – Tens of thou­sands of pro­test­ers – many decked out in greenand chant­ing ‘‘Death to the dic­ta­tor’’ – rally in de­fi­ance of Iran’s Is­lamic lead­er­ship, clash­ing with po­lice and con­fronting state-run an­ti­is­rael ral­lies.

2012 – Myan­mar democ­racy leader Aung San Suu Kyi be­gins her land­mark visit to the Wash­ing­ton by declar­ing that she sup­ports the eas­ing of the re­main­ing US economic sanc­tions on her coun­try. To­day’s Birth­days: Sa­muel John­son, English po­et­critic (1709-1784); Greta Garbo, Swedish-born ac­tress (1905-1990); Agnes Demille, US dancer/ chore­og­ra­pher (1905-1993);Robert Blake, US ac­tor (1933– ); Dee Dee Ra­mone, US rock mu­si­cian (1952-2002).

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