Today in history
1544 – Sweden’s King Gustavus I forms alliance with France to counter Denmark’s alliance with the Holy Roman Empire.
1759 – The French formally surrender Quebec to the British.
1793 – George Washington lays the US Capitol Building’s cornerstone in Washington.
1810 – Chile declares its independence from Spain.
1850 – US Congress passes the Fugitive Slave Act, which allows slave owners to reclaim slaves who escaped to free states.
1851 – The New York Times newspaper publishes its first issue.
1860 – Italian troops under Count Camillo Cavour defeat Papal forces at Castelfidardo.
1927 – The Columbia Phonograph Broadcasting System – later CBS – debuts in the United States with a network of 16 radio stations.
1937 – New Zealand’s first state house is handed over to its tenants, in Miramar, Wellington.
1961 – Swedish UN Secretarygeneral Dag Hammarskjold, 56, is killed in air crash in northern Rhodesia – now Zambia – while on a peace mission to Congo.
1988 – Burma’s military commander San Maung overthrows Burma’s civilian President Maung Maung in coup.
1994 – US President Bill Clinton announces Haiti’s strongman Raoul Cedras has agreed to leave power by October 15 and permit US troops to enter the country.
2001 – Letters postmarked in Trenton, New Jersey, that test positive for anthrax are sent to the New York Post and the US NBC broadcasting network anchor Tom Brokaw.
2002 – Burundi’s government reports 173 civilians are killed by uniformed gunmen. It was one of the worst massacres in the country’s 9-year-old civil war between the Hutu and Tutsi ethnic groups.
2008 – Somchai Wongsawat is inaugurated as Thailand’s prime minister.
2009 – Tens of thousands of protesters – many decked out in greenand chanting ‘‘Death to the dictator’’ – rally in defiance of Iran’s Islamic leadership, clashing with police and confronting state-run antiisrael rallies.
2012 – Myanmar democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi begins her landmark visit to the Washington by declaring that she supports the easing of the remaining US economic sanctions on her country. Today’s Birthdays: Samuel Johnson, English poetcritic (1709-1784); Greta Garbo, Swedish-born actress (1905-1990); Agnes Demille, US dancer/ choreographer (1905-1993);Robert Blake, US actor (1933– ); Dee Dee Ramone, US rock musician (1952-2002).