Chinese coal fuels rise in carbon emissions
SWITZERLAND: Global carbon dioxide emissions are rising again, ending hopes that pollution had reached a peak.
The projected 2 per cent increase this year is being driven partly by more coal burning in China, according to research by Britain’s University of East Anglia (UEA).
China’s emissions are forecast to rise by 3.5 per cent this year because of stronger growth in industrial production and lower hydro power generation after less rainfall. India’s emissions are expected to rise by 2 per cent, although the annual rise has fallen from an average of more than 6 per cent in the past decade.
CO2 emissions in the United States are expected to decline by 0.4 per cent and in the European Union by 0.2 per cent, smaller declines than during the previous decade.
The figures were published in the journal Nature Climate Change as delegates from 195 countries met at the United Nations climate change conference in the German city of Bonn.
Professor Corinne Le Quere, the lead author and director of the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research at UEA, said: ‘‘Global CO2 emissions appear to be going up strongly once again, after a three-year stable period. This is very disappointing.
‘‘With global CO2 emissions from human activities estimated at 41 billion tonnes for 2017, time is running out on our ability to keep warming well below 2C, let alone 1.5C.
‘‘This year we have seen how climate change can amplify the impacts of hurricanes, with more intense rainfall, higher sea levels and warmer ocean conditions favouring more powerful storms. This is a window into the future. We need to reach a peak in global emissions in the next few years and drive emissions down rapidly afterwards.’’
Renewable energy had increased by 14 per cent a year over the past five years, the report said, and 22 countries managed to expand their economies while cutting emissions. – The Times
Increased burning of coal by China, partly due to stronger growth in industrial production, is driving a rise in global carbon dioxide emissions.