Dif­fer­ent dis­eases – type 1 or 2 di­a­betes

Matamata Chronicle - - News -

Last week the Mata­mata Chron-icle re­ported that the three chil­dren pic­tured and oth­ers men­tioned in the ar­ti­cle on page two had type 2 di­a­betes.

We apol­o­gise for this in­cor­rect in­for­ma­tion as they suf­fer from type 1 di­a­betes. We re­gret the con­fu­sion and any mis­un­der­stand­ing this may have caused.

There are about 2500 peo­ple aged 0-18 liv­ing with type 1 di­a­betes in New Zealand and more than 200 with type 2 di­a­betes.

New Zealand has one of the high­est rates of pe­di­atric di­a­betes in the world and num­bers are es­ti­mated to be grow­ing at 10 per cent an­nu­ally. The cause is not yet un­der­stood.

Type 1 di­a­betes can­not pre­vented or cured.

It is an auto-im­mune disease in which the body’s im­mune sys­tem de­stroys its own in­sulin­pro­duc­ing cells.

The con­di­tion has been doc­u­mented for cen­turies and can oc­cur in ba­bies as young as six weeks old and in adults in their 20s or even later, al­though it is most com­monly di­ag­nosed

be among school-age chil­dren.

In­sulin in­jec­tions must be given at least twice to four times daily and the dose cal­cu­lated each time, based on blood sugar lev­els, ap­petite and ex­pected level of ex­er­cise.

Iron­i­cally, the in­sulin in­jec­tions that keep these young peo­ple alive can also be fa­tal if the wrong dose is given so blood tests must be un­der­taken up to six or more times a day to man­age the con­di­tion and main­tain health.

Man­ag­ing type 1 di­a­betes re­quires con­stant at­ten­tion to bal­anc­ing a good diet and ex­er­cise with the in­jec­tions re­plac­ing the in­sulin the body is un­able to pro­duce.

The man­age­ment rou­tine stress­ful and re­lent­less.

An in­sulin pump would be ben­e­fi­cial to any child who has type 1 di­a­betes be­cause it re­duces in­jec­tions to once ev­ery three days which can im­prove their qual­ity of life.

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So with the right sup­port, young peo­ple with di­a­betes grow up learn­ing to take re­mark­able re­spon­si­bil­ity for their health and well be­ing but they need the sup­port of their fam­i­lies, schools and wider com­mu­nity around them.

Type 2 di­a­betes has a dif­fer­ent ge­netic ba­sis from type 1 and its on­set can be ac­cel­er­ated by life­style fac­tors.

Once di­ag­nosed, the con­di­tion must also be man­aged care­fully and a healthy life­style adopted to avoid later com­pli­ca­tions.

Type 2 is man­aged mainly by diet and ex­er­cise.

The Mata­mata Chron­i­cle wants to ac­knowl­edge Di­a­betes Youth Mata­mata co-or­di­na­tor Rochelle Richard­son for the time and ef­fort she has put into work­ing with chil­dren with type 1 di­a­betes over the past four years.

With­out her help and sup­port many of these chil­dren would not have the chance to have an in­sulin pump or be in a small com­mu­nity with peo­ple who un­der­stand what they en­dure.

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