Steps to deal with choking
St John has essential firstaid tips about what to do if someone chokes on food.
If they are breathing (moving air or coughing), do not provide any specific first aid. Stay with them and be prepared to help if they deteriorate. If they are not breathing: 1. If they are conscious thump their back between their shoulder blades using the palm of your hand. Do this with their head below the level of their shoulders (for example by getting them to bend forward). If possible this can be done in a small child by getting someone to hold them upside down by their feet. Keep thumping their back until they recover or they become unconscious.
2. If they are unconscious lie them on their back and start CPR.
3. Call 111 and ask for an ambulance.
Abdominal thrusts are no longer recommended because they can cause very severe internal injuries.