A timeline of state ‘care’
The first Government-run institutions for children were industrial schools established under the Neglected and Criminal Children Act.
The Naval Training School Act allows “wayward boys” to be detained in naval training schools or, in certain cases, simply sent to sea.
Training schools and longer-stay residential institutions are also opened – some of them being converted industrial schools.
The Child Welfare Act gives the state the right to assume parental responsibility for children in certain circumstances.
The Government opened its first “family home”, the name for the large residential houses run by foster parents.
A teenage sex scandal in Lower Hutt, the Mazengarb Report into “moral delinquency”, the Parker-Hulme killing in Christchurch and the re-election of a National Government dedicated to “child-saving” all strengthen the political appetite for residential care. 1959
Epuni Boys’ Home opens, among the first of 26 residences around the country.
The Government begins phasing out the institutions; Child, Youth and Family will eventually run just four care and protection residences, with 48 beds in total for older children and teenagers in custody.
1990-present Hundreds of former wards allege abuse and make claims against the Crown.
Former state wards who were victims of abuse deliver a petition and open letter to Parliament, calling for a public apology and inquiry.
The petition, signed by about 5000 people, was presented to Māori Party co-leader Marama Fox
Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern establishes a formal inquiry to be chaired by Sir Anand Satyanand into claims of historical abuse between the 1950s and 1990s.
People power: Māori Party co-leader Marama Fox speaks during the presentation of a petition at Parliament last July that led to the establishment of the state-ward abuse inquiry.
Pauline Parker (left) and Juliet Hulme.