A time­line of state ‘care’

New Zealand Listener - - WARD OF THE STATE -

1867

The first Gov­ern­ment-run in­sti­tu­tions for chil­dren were in­dus­trial schools es­tab­lished un­der the Ne­glected and Crim­i­nal Chil­dren Act.

1874

The Naval Train­ing School Act al­lows “way­ward boys” to be de­tained in naval train­ing schools or, in cer­tain cases, sim­ply sent to sea.

1916

Train­ing schools and longer-stay res­i­den­tial in­sti­tu­tions are also opened – some of them be­ing con­verted in­dus­trial schools.

1925

The Child Wel­fare Act gives the state the right to as­sume parental re­spon­si­bil­ity for chil­dren in cer­tain cir­cum­stances.

1954

The Gov­ern­ment opened its first “fam­ily home”, the name for the large res­i­den­tial houses run by foster par­ents.

1954-1958

A teenage sex scan­dal in Lower Hutt, the Mazen­garb Re­port into “moral delin­quency”, the Parker-Hulme killing in Christchurch and the re-elec­tion of a Na­tional Gov­ern­ment ded­i­cated to “child-sav­ing” all strengthen the po­lit­i­cal ap­petite for res­i­den­tial care. 1959

Epuni Boys’ Home opens, among the first of 26 res­i­dences around the coun­try.

1988

The Gov­ern­ment be­gins phas­ing out the in­sti­tu­tions; Child, Youth and Fam­ily will even­tu­ally run just four care and pro­tec­tion res­i­dences, with 48 beds in to­tal for older chil­dren and teenagers in cus­tody.

1990-present Hun­dreds of former wards al­lege abuse and make claims against the Crown.

2017

Former state wards who were vic­tims of abuse de­liver a pe­ti­tion and open let­ter to Par­lia­ment, call­ing for a pub­lic apol­ogy and in­quiry.

The pe­ti­tion, signed by about 5000 people, was pre­sented to Māori Party co-leader Marama Fox

2018

Prime Min­is­ter Jacinda Ardern es­tab­lishes a for­mal in­quiry to be chaired by Sir Anand Satyanand into claims of his­tor­i­cal abuse between the 1950s and 1990s.

People power: Māori Party co-leader Marama Fox speaks dur­ing the pre­sen­ta­tion of a pe­ti­tion at Par­lia­ment last July that led to the es­tab­lish­ment of the state-ward abuse in­quiry.

Pauline Parker (left) and Juliet Hulme.

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