Northern Outlook - - OUT & ABOUT -

Pollen gives the bees vi­tal pro­teins and fats, and the sug­ars in nec­tar pro­vide the en­ergy source they need to make honey. With­out them, bees not only be­come mal­nour­ished, they are also weaker and more vul­ner­a­ble to pests and dis­eases.

In the early stages of their life cy­cle, when they are help­less lar­vae, they are vo­ra­cious eaters, con­sum­ing each day some 1300 meals of ‘‘bee bread’’, a mix of pollen, honey and bee se­cre­tions. Fe­male worker bees live for about six weeks, dur­ing which their most ex­haust­ing job is vis­it­ing plants to gather food for the colony, spread­ing pollen as they go. Bees will also seek out shal­low ponds and pud­dles.

What you can do:

Put a bird­bath or sim­ply a saucer of wa­ter on a win­dow ledge. Some­where to perch while

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