SOW CARROTS DIRECTLY
Carrots can be sown directly where you want them to grow. The seed is quite fine but do your best not to sow too thickly, as you’ll have to pull most of them out later to thin the seedlings in order to give each plant enough space to fatten up. You can mix carrot seed with radish seed because the radishes will be ready in a matter of weeks and will thin the carrots for you. Avoid overfeeding as this can lead to excessive leaf growth at the expense of roots. Harvest when the roots reach about 1cm across. Scratch down in the soil to check the tops and pull gently on the stalks.
Kale is dependable in autumn and winter and is chock full of vital nutrients. Transplant punnets into the garden or sow direct for baby salad kale. Kale never fails and is frost-hardy. Sow Tuscan kale (cavolo nero), curly kale or ‘Red Russian’ (all from Kings Seeds) under netting to protect it from cabbage butterflies.
Dig up potatoes
Main crop potatoes for winter storage, such as ‘Agria’, ‘Nadine’ and ‘Rua’, can be dug once they have flowered and their leafy tops have died down completely. It’s important to wait for the tops to die down because, by then, the skins will have fully hardened, so they will keep better. Eat any blemished tubers straight away.
Gardening by the moon Give plants a boost with nutritious liquid manures or compost tea. First quarter