When to sow
In temperate climates, komatsuna can be cropped most of the year, and you can sow it outdoors from early spring to autumn.
Depending on winter severity, very early sowings can be made under cover 4-6 weeks before the last frost and transplanted three weeks before the last frost. However, plants are quite tap-rooted and do suffer a check on transplanting so are best grown in some kind of module.
Very late sowings can be made indoors and may be worth continuing under cover in very cold climates to produce a better quality green.
in their diet for good health. Deep-rooting weeds like chicory and dock pull up calcium and magnesium from the soil, and mowing/mulching later on then feeds these nutrients to the trees. Rare species of butterfly return miraculously to the countryside.
You can also ‘power up’ your orchard pasture to be more than just grass. Good additional pasture herbs to oversow are plantain and chicory. Lotus can be too invasive but it covers the ground well and keeps it lush. Clover and legumes like lupins add soil nitrogen, as does animal (poultry or sheep) manure.