is good feed for lactating livestock, but watch for bloat. Bloat is caused by fast-growing clover and grasses that are high in protein and energy, but low in fibre and dry matter. Bloat is more common in milking cows, especially younger ones. Hungry cows will tend to gorge themselves, so make sure they are given hay first, then released onto limited pasture. Use electric tape to break-feed strips at a time.
If you suspect an animal is suffering from the early signs of bloat, remove her (and her paddock mates) from the pasture. You can use anti-bloat products from your vet (you’ll need to have them on hand) or a dose of vegetable oil (100ml), milk (1 litre) or cream (1 cup) might do the trick, as will walking them around. You want to hear belching! If an animal does not appear to be responding or is getting worse, you need a vet urgently.
If your pasture is prone to causing bloat, you can use long-acting anti-bloat capsules. Talk to your vet.