Does NZ have a fu­ture in cof­fee?

NZ Lifestyle Block - - Feature -

Rob and Carol may be the only two com­mer­cial cof­fee growers in NZ, but it’s pos­si­ble cli­mate change will mean there are more in fu­ture.

A 2016 re­port by the Cli­mate In­sti­tute (com­mis­sioned by Fair­trade Aus­tralia & New Zealand) looked to bet­ter un­der­stand the ex­tent to which cli­mate change is im­pact­ing cof­fee pro­duc­tion glob­ally.

It found strong ev­i­dence that ris­ing tem­per­a­tures and al­tered rain­fall pat­terns are al­ready af­fect­ing cof­fee yields, qual­ity, pests, and dis­eases, badly af­fect­ing eco­nomic se­cu­rity in some cof­fee re­gions.

It re­ports with­out strong ac­tion to re­duce emis­sions, cli­mate change is pro­jected to cut the global area suit­able for cof­fee pro­duc­tion by up to 50 per cent by 2050. By 2080, wild cof­fee plants, an im­por­tant ge­netic re­source for farm­ers, could be­come ex­tinct.

It would also mean in the next few decades, cof­fee pro­duc­tion will un­dergo dra­matic shifts, broadly, away from the equa­tor and fur­ther up moun­tains.

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