Today in history
Today is Friday, June 15, the 166th day of 2017.
There are 199 days left in the year. Highlights in history on this date:
1167 — The city of Copenhagen’s official birthday, marking a dated document mentioning the city for the first time.
1215 — King John signs the Magna Carta, granting
his barons more liberty, at Runnymede, England.
1381 — The Peasants’ Revolt ends in England with
its leader, Wat Tyler, killed.
1567 — Mary, Queen of Scots, is captured at the Battle of Carberry Hill, near Edinburgh, by Scottish nobles who object to her marriage to James Hepburn, the fourth Earl of Bothwell.
1667 — The first known successful blood transfusion is carried out by JeanBaptiste Denys, personal physician to Louis XIV of France, on a 15yearoldboy using blood from a sheep.
1672 — Dykes are opened in Holland to save
Amsterdam from the French.
1752 — Benjamin Franklin demonstrates a relationship between lightning and electricity when he launches a kite during a storm at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1775 — The American Congress elects
George Washington general and commanderinchief of the Army of the United Colonies.
1839 — Sir George Gipps becomes governorinchief of the Greater New South Wales territory, which includes New Zealand, some six months before William Hobson assumes the role of lieutenantgovernor. 1844 — Charles Goodyear receives a patent for his
process to strengthen rubber.
1901 — The decision by the Duke of Cornwall (later King George V) to wear a tail feather from the endangered huia in his hat while visiting Rotorua, sparks a craze among people wishing to do the same; it is later claimed this helped hasten the extinction of the native bird.
1904 — More than 1000 people die in a fire aboard
the steamboat General Slocum off New York City.
1905 — Invented by New Zealander Robert Dickie, the world’s first stampvending machine goes into operation at the chief post office in Wellington. Such is the success of the machine it will eventually be used worldwide.
1919 — Englishmen John Alcock and Arthur Brown
complete the first nonstop transatlantic flight.
1920 — The first radio broadcast of live music takes place from Chelmsford, England, featuring Australian soprano Dame Nellie Melba and broadcast by Guglielmo Marconi.
1959 — Grown in New Zealand since 1904, the Chinese gooseberry is renamed the kiwifruit after a brief and unsuccessful time branded as the melonette.
1969 — Georges Pompidou is elected president of
1970 — Martial law is declared in Turkey when
serious rioting breaks out.
1977 — Adolfo Suarez and his Democratic Centre coalition win the first democratic elections in Spain for 41 years.
1982 — The New Zealand All Whites team plays its first game at the Fifa Football World Cup in Spain, losing to Scotland 52. The team does not progress past the group stage, going on to lose 03 to the Soviet Union and 04 to Brazil.
1984 — Tom Heeney (the Hard Rock from Down Under), New Zealand boxer and world heavyweight title challenger in 1928, dies aged 86.
1991 — Kuwait’s martial law court sentences six newspaper workers to death for working on an Iraqi publication during the occupation of Kuwait.
1994 — Israel and the Vatican establish full diplomatic relations, after centuries of bitterness between Roman Catholics and Jews.
1996 — Before a crowd of 36,000, Sean Fitzpatrick leads the All Blacks to victory over Scotland at Carisbrook. The score (6231) was at the time the greatest number of points scored in a test match. 2002 — Captain Reuben Thorne is one of 14 Canterbury players in the All Blacks when they defeat Ireland 156 at Carisbrook.
George Helmore, New Zealand rugby union international (18621922); Edgar Wrigley, New Zealand rugby union and rugby league international (18861958); Franz (Oscar) Natzka, New Zealand operatic singer (19121951); Victor Yates, All Black (19392008); Russell Hitchcock, Australian singer (1949); Larry Ross, New Zealand speedway rider (1954); Edwin Richards, New Zealand Olympic canoeist (1957); Tim Jones, New Zealand writer/poet (1959); Helen Hunt, US actress (1963); Courteney Cox, US actress (1964);
Paul Kingsman, New Zealand Olympic swimming medallist (1967); Ice Cube, US rapper/actor (1969); Mike Delany, All Black (1982).
Thought for today:
A conference is a meeting to decide where the next meeting will take place. — Anonymous.
ODT and agencies
Sir George Gipps