To­day in his­tory

Otago Daily Times - - DIVERSIONS -

To­day is Fri­day, June 15, the 166th day of 2017.

There are 199 days left in the year. High­lights in his­tory on this date:

1167 — The city of Copen­hagen’s of­fi­cial birth­day, mark­ing a dated doc­u­ment men­tion­ing the city for the first time.

1215 — King John signs the Magna Carta, grant­ing

his barons more lib­erty, at Run­nymede, Eng­land.

1381 — The Peas­ants’ Re­volt ends in Eng­land with

its leader, Wat Tyler, killed.

1567 — Mary, Queen of Scots, is cap­tured at the Bat­tle of Car­berry Hill, near Ed­in­burgh, by Scot­tish no­bles who ob­ject to her mar­riage to James Hep­burn, the fourth Earl of Both­well.

1667 — The first known suc­cess­ful blood trans­fu­sion is car­ried out by Jean­Bap­tiste Denys, per­sonal physi­cian to Louis XIV of France, on a 15­year­old­boy us­ing blood from a sheep.

1672 — Dykes are opened in Hol­land to save

Am­s­ter­dam from the French.

1752 — Ben­jamin Franklin demon­strates a re­la­tion­ship be­tween light­ning and elec­tric­ity when he launches a kite dur­ing a storm at Philadel­phia, Penn­syl­va­nia.

1775 — The Amer­i­can Congress elects

Ge­orge Wash­ing­ton gen­eral and com­man­der­in­chief of the Army of the United Colonies.

1839 — Sir Ge­orge Gipps be­comes gov­er­nor­in­chief of the Greater New South Wales ter­ri­tory, which in­cludes New Zealand, some six months be­fore Wil­liam Hob­son as­sumes the role of lieu­tenant­gov­er­nor. 1844 — Charles Goodyear re­ceives a patent for his

process to strengthen rub­ber.

1901 — The de­ci­sion by the Duke of Corn­wall (later King Ge­orge V) to wear a tail feather from the en­dan­gered huia in his hat while vis­it­ing Ro­torua, sparks a craze among peo­ple wish­ing to do the same; it is later claimed this helped has­ten the ex­tinc­tion of the na­tive bird.

1904 — More than 1000 peo­ple die in a fire aboard

the steam­boat Gen­eral Slocum off New York City.

1905 — In­vented by New Zealan­der Robert Dickie, the world’s first stamp­vend­ing ma­chine goes into op­er­a­tion at the chief post of­fice in Welling­ton. Such is the suc­cess of the ma­chine it will even­tu­ally be used world­wide.

1919 — English­men John Al­cock and Arthur Brown

com­plete the first non­stop transat­lantic flight.

1920 — The first ra­dio broad­cast of live mu­sic takes place from Chelmsford, Eng­land, fea­tur­ing Aus­tralian so­prano Dame Nel­lie Melba and broad­cast by Guglielmo Mar­coni.

1959 — Grown in New Zealand since 1904, the Chi­nese goose­berry is re­named the ki­wifruit af­ter a brief and un­suc­cess­ful time branded as the mel­onette.

1969 — Ge­orges Pom­pi­dou is elected pres­i­dent of

France.

1970 — Mar­tial law is de­clared in Tur­key when

se­ri­ous ri­ot­ing breaks out.

1977 — Adolfo Suarez and his Demo­cratic Cen­tre coali­tion win the first demo­cratic elec­tions in Spain for 41 years.

1982 — The New Zealand All Whites team plays its first game at the Fifa Foot­ball World Cup in Spain, los­ing to Scot­land 5­2. The team does not progress past the group stage, go­ing on to lose 0­3 to the Soviet Union and 0­4 to Brazil.

1984 — Tom Heeney (the Hard Rock from Down Un­der), New Zealand boxer and world heavy­weight ti­tle chal­lenger in 1928, dies aged 86.

1991 — Kuwait’s mar­tial law court sen­tences six news­pa­per work­ers to death for work­ing on an Iraqi pub­li­ca­tion dur­ing the oc­cu­pa­tion of Kuwait.

1994 — Is­rael and the Vat­i­can es­tab­lish full diplo­matic re­la­tions, af­ter cen­turies of bit­ter­ness be­tween Ro­man Catholics and Jews.

1996 — Be­fore a crowd of 36,000, Sean Fitz­patrick leads the All Blacks to vic­tory over Scot­land at Caris­brook. The score (62­31) was at the time the great­est num­ber of points scored in a test match. 2002 — Cap­tain Reuben Thorne is one of 14 Can­ter­bury play­ers in the All Blacks when they de­feat Ire­land 15­6 at Caris­brook.

To­day’s birth­days:

Ge­orge Hel­more, New Zealand rugby union in­ter­na­tional (1862­1922); Edgar Wrigley, New Zealand rugby union and rugby league in­ter­na­tional (1886­1958); Franz (Os­car) Natzka, New Zealand op­er­atic singer (1912­1951); Vic­tor Yates, All Black (1939­2008); Rus­sell Hitch­cock, Aus­tralian singer (1949­); Larry Ross, New Zealand speed­way rider (1954­); Ed­win Richards, New Zealand Olympic ca­noeist (1957­); Tim Jones, New Zealand writer/poet (1959­); He­len Hunt, US ac­tress (1963­); Courteney Cox, US ac­tress (1964­);

Paul Kings­man, New Zealand Olympic swim­ming medal­list (1967­); Ice Cube, US rap­per/ac­tor (1969­); Mike De­lany, All Black (1982­).

Thought for to­day:

A con­fer­ence is a meet­ing to de­cide where the next meet­ing will take place. — Anony­mous.

ODT and agen­cies

Magna Carta

Sir Ge­orge Gipps

Ge­orge Wash­ing­ton

Ben­jamin Franklin

Ge­orge Hel­more

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