Today in History

The Timaru Herald - - Obituaries -

1580 – Fran­cis Drake brings the Golden Hind, laden with gold and spices, into Ply­mouth har­bour, Eng­land, be­com­ing the first cap­tain to cir­cum­nav­i­gate the globe.

1687 – Vene­tian troops try­ing to eject Turks from Athens at­tack the Acrop­o­lis, dam­ag­ing the Parthenon.

1777 – Bri­tish troops oc­cupy Philadel­phia dur­ing the Amer­i­can Revo­lu­tion.

1789 – Thomas Jef­fer­son is ap­pointed the United States’ first Sec­re­tary of State.

1865 – New Zealand passes the Na­tive Rights Act, declar­ing all Ma¯ori to be ‘‘nat­u­ral-born’’ Bri­tish sub­jects. 1907 – New Zealand be­comes a self­gov­ern­ing do­min­ion within the Bri­tish Em­pire.

1918 – Al­lies launch the of­fen­sive that even­tu­ally breaks Ger­many’s Hin­den­burg Line in World War I.

1944 – Oper­a­tion Mar­ket Gar­den, an Al­lied plan to seize a se­ries of bridges in the Dutch town of Arn­hem, fails. Thou­sands of Bri­tish and Pol­ish troops are killed, wounded, or taken pris­oner.

1950 – United Na­tions forces re­cap­ture Seoul, South Korea.

1957 – West Side Story, com­posed by

Leonard Bern­stein, opens on Broad­way.

1960 – US pres­i­den­tial hope­fuls John F Kennedy and Richard Nixon square off in Chicago in the first tele­vised pres­i­den­tial de­bate.

1983 – Aus­tralia II wins the Amer­ica’s Cup in the first US loss for 132 years.

1984 – Bri­tain and China ini­tial an agree­ment to re­turn Hong Kong to Chi­nese rule in 1997.

1989 – Soviet For­eign Min­is­ter Ed­uard She­vard­nadze tells the UN that Moscow will join in re­duc­ing or de­stroy­ing all chem­i­cal weapons.

2003 – The Katsina State Sharia Court of

Ap­peals in north­ern Nige­ria over­turns the con­vic­tion of Amina Lawal, who had been sen­tenced to death by ston­ing af­ter she was ac­cused of hav­ing a child out of wed­lock. 2005 – The Ir­ish Repub­li­can Army an­nounces it has fully dis­armed, a move ver­i­fied by in­ter­na­tional weapons in­spec­tors who say they watched the se­cret dis­ar­ma­ment.

2007 – Mount­ing pro-democ­racy protests against Myan­mar’s mil­i­tary govern­ment erupt into blood­shed, as se­cu­rity forces shoot dead at least one man and wound more in chaotic con­fronta­tions. 2010 – Down­ton Abbey pre­mieres on Bri­tish tele­vi­sion.

2017 – Saudi Ara­bia an­nounces it will over­turn its ban on women driv­ing.

Birthdays

TS Eliot, US-born poet (1888-1965); Martin Hei­deg­ger, Ger­man philoso­pher (1889-1976); Sir Alexan­der Gil­lies, NZ sur­geon (1891-1982); Ge­orge Gershwin, US song­writer (1898-1937); Bryan Ferry, UK mu­si­cian (1945-); Olivia New­ton-John, Aus­tralian singer (1948-); Will Self, UK au­thor (1961-); Ser­ena Wil­liams, left, US ten­nis player (1981-).

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