on this day
1293 – Robert Winchelsey leaves England for Rome, to be consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury.
1545 – Potosí is founded after the discovery of major silver deposits in the area.
1893 – The rank of Chief Petty Officer in the United States Navy is established.
1918 – The Royal Air Force is created by the merger of the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service.
1924 – Adolf Hitler is sentenced to five years in jail for his participation in the “Beer Hall Putsch”. However, he spends only nine months in jail, during which he writes Mein Kampf.
1936 – Odisha formerly known as Kalinga or Utkal becomes a state in India.
1949 – The Government of Canada repeals Japanese Canadian internment after seven years.
1954 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes the creation of the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado.
1970 – President Richard Nixon signs the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act into law, requiring the Surgeon General’s warnings on tobacco products and banning cigarette advertisements on television and radio in the United States, starting on January 1, 1971.
1976 – Apple Inc. is formed by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne.
1979 – Iran becomes an Islamic republic by a 99% vote, officially overthrowing the Shah.
1999 – Nunavut is established as a Canadian territory carved out of the eastern part of the Northwest Territories.