Eczema

Daily Trust - - HEALTH -

Eczema is a skin con­di­tion caused by in­flam­ma­tion of the skin. It causes the skin to be­come red, itchy, dry and cracked. It can ap­pear on any part of the body. People with eczema have a higher risk of de­vel­op­ing al­ler­gic con­di­tions like asthma or hay fever.

Hav­ing a fam­ily his­tory of eczema is a risk fac­tor. Other causes are over­ac­tive im­mune sys­tem, de­fects in the skin bar­rier, cold, dry cli­mates, stress, con­tact with ir­ri­tants, heat and sweat and dry skin.

Symp­toms in­clude itchy rash, painful, small fluid-filled blis­ters, yel­low­ish to light brown crusts or pus-filled blis­ters.

Eczema can be treated by tak­ing good care of the skin, us­ing mild soaps and mos­tur­iz­ers, short warm show­ers and re­duced stress. Med­i­ca­tions such as hy­dro­cor­ti­sone, an­ti­his­tamines, ul­travi­o­let light ther­apy, cor­ti­cos­teroids, im­muno­sup­pres­sants and im­munomoda­tors can be used to treat eczema.

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