What is Ectopia Cordis?

Daily Trust - - DIGEST -

Ectopia cordis is an ex­ceed­ingly rare de­fect in which the heart, in part or in its en­tirety, forms out­side the chest cav­ity. It is con­sid­ered as one of the less com­mon car­diac mal­po­si­tions (de­fects char­ac­ter­ized by the heart or great ves­sels de­vel­op­ing in the wrong place). Ectopia cordis oc­curs in 5-7 per one mil­lion live births and is as­so­ci­ated with an ex­tremely high mor­tal­ity rate. There are five dif­fer­ent types of ectopia cordis that are de­fined by the po­si­tion of the heart out­side the body. Prior to the era of ul­tra­sound, ectopia cordis was not di­ag­nosed pre­na­tally but af­ter de­liv­ery. To­day most cases of ectopia cordis are di­ag­nosed in the sec­ond trimester.

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