On this day
– John Walker, an English chemist, sells the first friction match that he had invented the previous year.
– American Civil War: Battle of Shiloh ends – the Union Army under General Ulysses S. Grant defeats the Confederates near Shiloh, Tennessee.
– The Algeciras Conference gives France and Spain control over Morocco.
– First distance public television broadcast (from Washington, D.C., to New York City, displaying the image of Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover).
– Booker T. Washington becomes the first African American to be depicted on a United States postage stamp.
– Syria’s independence from France is officially recognised.
– The World Health Organization is established by the United Nations.
– The Internet’s symbolic birth date: publication of RFC 1.
– Development of the neutron bomb is canceled by President Jimmy Carter.
– Iran Contra Affair: John Poindexter is found guilty of five charges for his part in the scandal (the conviction is later reversed on appeal).
– Rwandan Genocide: Massacres of Tutsis begin in Kigali, Rwanda.
– Auburn Calloway attempts to hijack FedEx Express Flight 705 and crash it to insure his family with his life insurance policy. The crew subdues him and lands the aircraft safely.
– The World Trade Organisation rules in favor of the United States in its long-running trade dispute with the European Union over bananas.
– U.S. troops capture Baghdad; Saddam Hussein’s regime falls two days later.