On this day

APRIL 8

Daily Trust - - INTERNATIONAL -

1730 – Shearith Is­rael, the first syn­a­gogue in New York City, is ded­i­cated.

1820 – The Venus de Milo is dis­cov­ered on the Aegean is­land of Me­los.

1904 – The French Third Repub­lic and the United King­dom of Great Bri­tain and Ire­land sign the En­tente cor­diale.

1906 – Au­guste De­ter, the first per­son to be di­ag­nosed with Alzheimer’s dis­ease, dies.

1908 – Har­vard Univer­sity votes to es­tab­lish the Har­vard Busi­ness School.

1911 – Dutch physi­cist Heike Kamer­lingh Onnes dis­cov­ers su­per­con­duc­tiv­ity.

1913 – The 17th Amend­ment to the United States Con­sti­tu­tion, re­quir­ing di­rect elec­tion of Sen­a­tors, be­comes law.

1924 – Sharia courts are abol­ished in Turkey, as part of Atatürk’s Re­forms.

1942 – World War II: Siege of Len­ingrad – Soviet forces open a much-needed rail­way link to Len­ingrad.

1942 – World War II: The Ja­panese take Bataan in the Philip­pines.

1943 – U.S. Pres­i­dent Franklin D. Roo­sevelt, in an at­tempt to check in­fla­tion, freezes wages and prices, pro­hibits work­ers from chang­ing jobs un­less the war ef­fort would be aided thereby, and bars rate in­creases by com­mon car­ri­ers and pub­lic util­i­ties.

1945 – World War II: Af­ter an air raid ac­ci­den­tally de­stroys a train car­ry­ing about 4,000 Nazi con­cen­tra­tion camp in­ternees in Prus­sian Hanover, the sur­vivors are mas­sa­cred by Nazis.

1946 – Élec­tric­ité de France, the world’s largest util­ity com­pany, is formed as a re­sult of the na­tion­al­i­sa­tion of a num­ber of elec­tric­ity pro­duc­ers, trans­porters and dis­trib­u­tors.

1950 – In­dia and Pak­istan sign the Liaquat-Nehru Pact.

1952 – U.S. Pres­i­dent Harry Tru­man calls for the seizure of all do­mes­tic steel mills to pre­vent a na­tion­wide strike.

1953 – Mau Mau leader Jomo Keny­atta is con­victed by Kenya’s Bri­tish rulers.

1954 – A Royal Cana­dian Air Force Canadair Har­vard col­lided with a Tran­sCanada Air­lines Canadair North Star over Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, killing 37 people.

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