] ] Swollen body af­ter birth?

Daily Trust - - HEALTH INTERACTIVE -

Igave birth 2 weeks ago and now my body has swollen up. What could be wrong?

Kelly Y

Body swelling af­ter giv­ing birth could par­tially be due to changes that take place dur­ing preg­nancy and par­tially due to the de­liv­ery process it­self. The body pro­duces high­erthanlevels of the hor­mone ‘pro­ges­terone’ dur­ing preg­nancy, which causes the body to re­tain both sodium and wa­ter. At the same time, the ex­pand­ing uterus ( womb) presses against the veins in the legs, restrict­ing blood flow to the legs, feet and an­kles, which leads to fluid build-up in the lower part of the body.

While some swelling is in­evitable for most women, there are some po­ten­tial reme­dies for swelling af­ter preg­nancy that may help al­le­vi­ate or elim­i­nate this prob­lem.

1. A clean diet is an im­por­tant part of a woman’s post­par­tum care. Eat­ing prop­erly can help flush out ex­cess flu­ids more quickly. Fo­cus on foods rich in protein, as well as fresh fruit, veg­eta­bles. Skip pro­cessed foods, as they’re of­ten loaded with bloat­in­duc­ing sodium.

2. Avoid liq­uid food that is rich in potas­sium iron.

3. Mod­er­ate ex­er­cise and ac­tiv­ity can also re­duce post­par­tum swelling by im­prov­ing circulation and help­ing you to sweat away ex­cess fluid.

4. If your legs and an­kles are swollen, try el­e­vat­ing your feet above the level of your heart. This im­proves circulation and re­duces the fluid build-up in your lower body.

5. Don’t wear tight cloth­ing as this can re­strict blood flow to cer­tain ar­eas and in­crease swelling.

6. While some swelling af­ter preg­nancy is nor­mal, cer­tain types of swelling are a sign of dan­ger and shouldn’t be ig­nored. Swelling and pain in only one leg can in­di­cate a se­vere blood clot known as deep vein throm­bo­sis (DVT).

7. An­other sign to watch for is the on­set of preeclamp­sia which can oc­cur up to four weeks af­ter de­liv­ery. Look for sud­den, ex­ces­sive swelling in the face or hands, and con­sult your doc­tor im­me­di­ately if you no­tice these warn­ing signs.

dis­cover that when­ever I have in­ter­course with my hus­band, blood comes out from my pri­vate part, what are the treat­ment op­tions?

Favour H

Vagi­nal bleed­ing af­ter sex means bleed­ing dur­ing sex or just af­ter hav­ing sex­ual in­ter­course, when you’re not men­stru­at­ing or don’t ex­pect to be men­stru­at­ing.

Your cervix — the nar­row, lower end of your uterus — is usu­ally the source of vagi­nal bleed­ing

Causes

brought on by sex, es­pe­cially be­fore menopause (ces­sa­tion of menses). Even if you have a healthy cervix, enough fric­tion dur­ing sex­ual in­ter­course can cause bleed­ing. In­flam­ma­tion of the cervix or some other ab­nor­mal­ity can also re­sult in bleed­ing.

If you’re pre­menopausal and you ex­pe­ri­ence vagi­nal bleed­ing af­ter sex now and then, but not of­ten, it prob­a­bly isn’t some­thing to get too wor­ried about. Vagi­nal bleed­ing af­ter sex could in­di­cate cer­vi­cal ab­nor­mal growth, but if you’ve had nor­mal re­sults on rou­tine Pap tests, it’s more likely that the cause is an­other con­di­tion.

If you’re post­menopausal, how­ever, vagi­nal bleed­ing of any sort is con­sid­ered ab­nor­mal un­til it’s been eval­u­ated and a cause de­ter­mined.

Vagi­nal bleed­ing af­ter sex may re­sult from:

1. Cer­vi­cal cancer or any changes in the cervix which may not be cancer

2. Fric­tion dur­ing sex­ual in­ter­course as a re­sult of pen­e­tra­tion

3. In­ad­e­quate lubri­ca­tion of the vagina

4. Nor­mal uter­ine bleed­ing, if you’re just be­gin­ning your pe­riod or if it has just ended

5. Vagi­nal at­ro­phy ( nar­row­ing or shrink­ing of the vagina) 6. Vagi­nal dry­ness Your best bet is to con­sult your doc­tor to as­cer­tain the cause of the vagi­nal bleed­ing.

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