On this day

Daily Trust - - INTERNATIONAL -

1864

1865

1868

1912

1916

1919

1925

1941

1959

1963

1968

1972

1972

1991

1998

– Arch­duke Max­i­m­il­ian of Hab­s­burg is pro­claimed em­peror of Mex­ico dur­ing the French in­ter­ven­tion in Mex­ico.

– Amer­i­can Civil War: A day af­ter his sur­ren­der to Union forces, Con­fed­er­ate Gen­eral Robert E. Lee ad­dresses his troops for the last time.

– At Aro­gee in Abyssinia, Bri­tish and In­dian forces de­feat an army of Em­peror Te­wodros II. While 700 Ethiopi­ans are killed and many more in­jured, only two Bri­tish/ In­dian troops die.

– The Ti­tanic leaves port in Southamp­ton, Eng­land for her only voy­age.

– The Pro­fes­sional Golfers’ As­so­ci­a­tion of Amer­ica (PGA) is cre­ated in New York City.

– Mex­i­can Revo­lu­tion leader Emil­iano Za­p­ata is am­bushed and shot dead by govern­ment forces in More­los.

– The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzger­ald is first pub­lished in New York City, by Charles Scrib­ner’s Sons.

– World War II: The Axis pow­ers in Europe es­tab­lish the In­de­pen­dent State of Croa­tia from oc­cu­pied Yu­goslavia with Ante Pavelić’s Us­taše fas­cist in­sur­gents in power.

– Ak­i­hito, fu­ture Em­peror of Ja­pan, mar­ries Michiko.

– 129 Amer­i­can sailors die when the sub­ma­rine USS Thresher sinks at sea.

– Ship­wreck of the New Zealand in­ter­is­land ferry TEV Wahine at the mouth of Welling­ton Har­bour.

– Viet­nam War: For the first time since Novem­ber 1967, Amer­i­can B-52 bombers re­port­edly be­gin bomb­ing North Viet­nam.

– Seventy-four na­tions sign the Bi­o­log­i­cal Weapons Con­ven­tion, the first mul­ti­lat­eral dis­ar­ma­ment treaty ban­ning the pro­duc­tion of bi­o­log­i­cal weapons.

– A rare trop­i­cal storm de­vel­ops in the South At­lantic Ocean near An­gola; the first to be doc­u­mented by satel­lites.

– North­ern Ire­land peace deal reached (Good Fri­day Agree­ment).

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