On this day



1927 – The first Volvo car pre­mieres in Gothen­burg, Swe­den.

1935 – “Black Sun­day Storm”, the worst dust storm of the U.S. Dust Bowl.

1944 – Bom­bay Ex­plo­sion: A mas­sive ex­plo­sion in Bom­bay har­bor kills 300 and causes eco­nomic dam­age val­ued then at 20 mil­lion pounds.

1956 – In Chicago, Illi­nois, video­tape is first demon­strated.

1958 – The Soviet satel­lite Sput­nik 2 falls from or­bit af­ter a mis­sion du­ra­tion of 162 days.

1967 – Gnass­ingbé Eyadéma over­throws Pres­i­dent of Togo Ni­co­las Grunitzky and in­stalls him­self as the new pres­i­dent, a ti­tle he would hold for the next 38 years.

1981 – STS-1 – The first op­er­a­tional space shut­tle, Columbia (OV-102) com­pletes its first test flight.

1986 – In re­tal­i­a­tion for the April 5 bomb­ing in West Berlin that killed two U.S. ser­vice­men, U.S. pres­i­dent Ron­ald Rea­gan or­ders ma­jor bomb­ing raids against Libya, killing 60 people.

1986 – 1 kilo­gram (2.2 lb) hail­stones fall on the Gopal­ganj district of Bangladesh, killing 92. These are the heav­i­est hail­stones ever recorded.

1988 – In a United Na­tions cer­e­mony in Geneva, Switzer­land, the Soviet Union signs an agree­ment pledg­ing to with­draw its troops from Afghanistan.

1991 – The Repub­lic of Ge­or­gia in­tro­duces the post of Pres­i­dent af­ter its dec­la­ra­tion of in­de­pen­dence from the Soviet Union.

1994 – In a U.S. friendly fire in­ci­dent dur­ing Oper­a­tion Pro­vide Com­fort in north­ern Iraq, two United States Air Force air­craft mis­tak­enly shoot­down two United States Army he­li­copters, killing 26 people.

1999 – NATO mis­tak­enly bombs a con­voy of eth­nic Al­ba­nian refugees – Yu­goslav of­fi­cials say 75 people were killed.

2002 – Venezue­lan Pres­i­dent Hugo Chávez re­turns to of­fice two days af­ter be­ing ousted and ar­rested by the coun­try’s mil­i­tary.

2003 – The Hu­man Genome Project is com­pleted with 99% of the hu­man genome se­quenced to an ac­cu­racy of 99.99%.

2003 – U.S. troops in Bagh­dad cap­ture Abu Ab­bas, leader of the Pales­tinian group that killed an Amer­i­can on the hi­jacked cruise liner the MS Achille Lauro in 1985.

2005 – The Ore­gon Supreme Court nul­li­fies mar­riage li­censes is­sued to gay cou­ples a year ear­lier by Mult­nomah County.

2007 – At least 200,000 demon­stra­tors in Ankara, Turkey protest against the pos­si­ble can­di­dacy of in­cum­bent Prime Min­is­ter Re­cep Tayyip Er­doğan.

2010 – Nearly 2,700 are killed in a mag­ni­tude 6.9 earthquake in Yushu, Qing­hai, China.

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