On this day
– Joan of Arc is beatified in Rome.
– The Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City.
– French pilot Roland Garros is shot down and glides to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I.
– Simon & Schuster publishes the first crossword puzzle book.
– World War II: The Doolittle Raid on Japan. Tokyo, Yokohama, Kobe and Nagoya are bombed.
– World War II: Operation Vengeance, Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto is killed when his aircraft is shot down by U.S. fighters over Bougainville Island.
– The International Court of Justice holds its inaugural meeting in The Hague, Netherlands.
– Gamal Abdal Nasser seizes power in Egypt.
– 29 nations meet at Bandung, Indonesia, for the first Asian-African Conference.
– The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, a cornerstone of modern international relations, is adopted.
– CONCP is founded in Casablanca as a united front of African movements opposing Portuguese colonial rule.
– The Prime Minister of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto inaugurates Lahore’s dry port.
– The Republic of Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia) comes into being, with Canaan Banana as the country’s first President. The Zimbabwe Dollar replaces the Rhodesian Dollar as the official currency.
– The United States launches Operation Praying Mantis against Iranian naval forces in the largest naval battle since World War II.
– In Lebanon, at least 106 civilians are killed when the Israel Defense Forces shell the United Nations compound at Quana where more than 800 civilians had taken refuge.
– The Supreme Court of the United States upholds the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in a 5-4 decision.
– A series of bombings, two of them being suicides, occur in Baghdad, killing 198 and injuring 251.