Avoid driving during flood warning
f the National Weather Service in your area has issued a flood warning, experts say you should avoid driving unless absolutely necessary.
The Ready.gov website offers this advice about driving during a flood:
Driving in just 6 inches of water can cause the car to stall, and water can begin to seep into the car.
A foot of water on the road will cause many vehicles to float.
Two feet of rushing flood water is enough to carry even pickup trucks and SUVs.
If you see a road that is flooded, do not attempt to drive on it. Never drive through a barricade. Follow designated evacuation routes and do not try to take a shortcut.
Years later, people who were underweight at birth, and those who were breast-fed only a short time or not at all, could be at increased risk for chronic inflammation and related health problems, a new study suggests.
Researchers examined health data from 10,500 American adults and found that those with low birth weight and those who had little or no breast-feeding had higher levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), an indicator of inflammation.
Chronic inflammation is associated with health risks such as diabetes and heart attack, the study authors noted.
The study did not find a cause-and-effect relationship, however.
The researchers explained that it can be difficult to determine how birth weight and breast-feeding affect long-term health because these problems are more common among children whose parents have lower levels of education and income. This means it’s unclear if other factors play a role.
But this study included a large number of siblings and the researchers found that even within the same family, birth weight and breast-feeding influenced the risk of inflammation in adulthood.
The findings will be published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B.
“There were good reasons to hypothesize that breast-feeding was important to influencing levels of inflammation in adulthood,” study author Thomas McDade, a Canadian Institute for Advanced Research Fellow in the child and brain development program at Northwestern University, said in an institute news release.
“[Breast-feeding] promotes development of the immune system. Children who are breast-fed get fewer infectious diseases and are less likely to become overweight,” he noted.
Tonsillectomy May Spur Weight Gain in Kids, But Won’t Cause Obesity: Study
Some children gain weight after having their tonsils removed, but this weight gain is typically confined to younger, underweight children and doesn’t seem to add to obesity rates, a new study finds.
Each year in the United States, about 500,000 children have their tonsils removed. In the new study, a team from Stanford University School of Medicine tracked outcomes for 815 children who underwent tonsillectomy.
Overall, the children’s weight rose by an average of just over 6 percent within 18 months of their surgery and their body mass index (an estimate of body fat based on height and weight) rose an average of 8 percent.
The largest weight increases occurred in children who were smaller and younger than age 4 at the time of surgery. Children older than age 8 gained the least weight, and children who were already heavier before their surgery did not gain weight, according to the researchers.
One expert not connected to the study said the findings make sense.
“One possible interpretation of this clinical observation has been that some children with significant nighttime breathing issues -- like sleep apnea -actually are underweight due to the increased work of breathing, or due to obstructive food aversions related to the size of the tonsils,” said Dr. Michael Rothschild, clinical professor of otolaryngology and pediatrics at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City.
“These children may move to a more appropriate weight for their age and height following the surgery with improved eating and sleeping, while children who are overweight might not have the same degree of weight gain,” he said.
The study findings seem to bear that out -- even though many children gained weight after tonsil removal, there was only a small increase in the number of children who were obese: 14.5 percent before versus 16.3 percent after. This suggests that tonsil removal is not associated with higher obesity rates, the researchers concluded.
Two other experts not involved in the study said the findings may be useful for parents and physicians.
“This study provides helpful information to parents trying to weigh the risks and benefits of surgery for their child,” said Dr. Aaron Bernard, clinical skills director at the Quinnipiac University School of Medicine in Hamden, Conn.
Dr. Lisa Liberatore, an ear, nose and throat specialist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City, agreed. She noted that the study “found that there is an increase in weight in some children after this surgery but it was in those children who were underweight and, in some cases, not thriving -- this would be a good thing in those children.”
On the other hand, “in children who were obese before surgery, there was no gain in weight or no worsening of their obesity,” Liberatore said. She believes that “parents and physicians should not avoid indicated reasons for removal of the tonsils and adenoids for fear of causing obesity.”
The study was published online April 17 in JAMA Otolaryngology--Head & Neck Surgery.