On this day

Daily Trust - - AFRICA -

1910

1920

1944

1945

1949

1950

1952

– French­man Louis Paul­han wins the 1910 Lon­don to Manch­ester air race, the first long-dis­tance aero­plane race in Eng­land.

– Azer­bai­jan is added to the Soviet Union.

– World War II: Nine Ger­man E-boats at­tacked US and UK units dur­ing Ex­er­cise Tiger, the re­hearsal for the Nor­mandy land­ings, killing 946.

– Ben­ito Mus­solini and his mis­tress Clara Pe­tacci are ex­e­cuted by a fir­ing squad con­sist­ing of mem­bers of the Ital­ian re­sis­tance move­ment.

– For­mer First Lady of the Philip­pines Aurora Que­zon, 61, is as­sas­si­nated while en route to ded­i­cate a hospi­tal in mem­ory of her late hus­band; her daugh­ter and 10 oth­ers are also killed.

– Bhu­mi­bol Adulyadej mar­ries Queen Sirikit af­ter their quiet en­gage­ment in Lau­sanne, Switzer­land on July 19, 1949.

– Dwight D. Eisen­hower re­signs as Supreme Al­lied Com­man­der of NATO. Zim­babwe’s op­po­si­tion Move­ment for Demo­cratic Change says it is sus­pend­ing its leader Mor­gan Ts­van­gi­rai, amid deep­en­ing di­vi­sions in its ranks.

A state­ment is­sued by the party af­ter a meet­ing in Harare ac­cused him of a “re­mark­able fail­ure of lead­er­ship”.

It also said he had de­vi­ated from the party’s demo­cratic found­ing prin­ci­ples.

Mr Ts­van­gi­rai lost a third elec­tion chal­lenge to vet­eran Pres­i­dent Robert Mu­gabe in 2013 and de­fied calls to stand down af­ter this de­feat.

The MDC lead­er­ship is re­ported to have been riven with in-fight­ing for months since then.

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