EU force to help speed up deportations
The EU has agreed to beef up its border force Frontex in order to speed up deportations of failed asylum seekers.
The EU interior ministers also called for more effective re-admission deals with countries of origin outside the EU, so that more migrants go home.
The conclusions from their talks said EU states should detain migrants who may abscond before they are deported.
More than 550,000 migrants have reached the EU this year, many of them war refugees. Germany is hosting the most.
Most refugees qualify for asylum under international law. EU countries generally grant asylum to Syrians, Iraqis and Eritreans, but not to the many economic migrants from Africa and Asia.
Last year more than half a million non-EU migrants were found to be “illegally present” in the 28-nation bloc.
Tens of thousands of migrants are still heading north through Europe - most hoping to settle in Germany