Africa’s longest­serv­ing lead­ers

Daily Trust - - NEWS -

Congo votes to amend the con­sti­tu­tion Sun­day in a ref­er­en­dum al­low­ing Pres­i­dent De­nis Sas­sou Nguesso to ex­tend a grip on power that be­gan three decades ago. Sas­sou Nguesso took power in 1979 and has been in of­fice ever since, ex­cept for a five-year pe­riod.

Here is a list of Africa's longest-serv­ing lead­ers:

- 36 years: Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mba­sogo, Equa­to­rial Guinea. Came to power in a coup on Au­gust 3, 1979. He was of­fi­cially named pres­i­dent on Oc­to­ber 12, 1982.

- 36 years: Jose Ed­uardo dos San­tos, An­gola. Leader of the party which won in­de­pen­dence from Por­tu­gal in 1975, Dos San­tos has been in power since Septem­ber 20, 1979.

- 35 years: Robert Mu­gabe, Zim­babwe. The only liv­ing African leader to have been con­tin­u­ously in power since his coun­try's in­de­pen­dence, Mu­gabe be­came prime min­is­ter in April 1980 and pres­i­dent in 1987.

- 32 years: Paul Biya, Cameroon. Came to power on Novem­ber 6, 1982.

- 29 years: Yow­eri Mu­sev­eni, Uganda. Took of­fice in Jan­uary 1986 af­ter win­ning the war which ousted the bru­tal regime of Idi Amin Dada, with help from neigh­bour­ing Tan­za­nia.

- 29 years: King Mswati III, Swazi­land. Ac­ceded to the throne of the tiny south­ern African king­dom in April 1986, four years af­ter the death of his fa­ther.

- 26 years: Omar al­Bashir, Su­dan. Has ruled since he seized power in a coup in June 1989.

- 25 years: Idriss Deby, Chad. Emerged as the leader of the arid north­cen­tral African state in De­cem­ber 1990, af­ter the war which ousted the regime of His­sein Habre.

- All-time record hold­ers The lead­ers African been:

- Em­peror King Haile Se­lassie, who was ousted from power in Ethiopia in 1974 af­ter 44 years.

- Moamer Kad­hafi of Libya, who ruled his north-African state for al­most 42 years af­ter a coup in 1969. Kad­hafi was ousted and then killed in 2011 by a rebel move­ment backed by western war­planes.

- Omar Bongo Ondimba, who ruled the west African state of Gabon for more than 41 years un­til his death in Oc­to­ber 2011. He was then suc­ceeded by his son. (AFP)

longest-serv­ing of post-colo­nial coun­tries have

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