State ‘responsible for genocide’ in 1965
A final report on “war crimes” committed in Indonesia decades ago has called on the government to investigate and prosecute all those involved in the deaths of at least 400,000 of its own citizens.
The international people’s tribunal formed at The Hague said on Wednesday the Indonesian state was “responsible” for the “genocide” against members and supporters of the country’s Communist party and followers of President Soekarno during the 1965-66 killings.
Zak Yacoob, chief justice of the civil society tribunal, said the government of Indonesia needed to act “urgently and without qualification” to address the injustices committed in the deadly purge.
Yacoob also said that aside from prosecuting those involved in the killings, the government must also “apologise” to all victims or their survivors, as well “ensure appropriate compensation and reparation”.
Starting on October 2, 1965, Indonesia’s General Suharto launched a campaign to wipe out Communist party officials and sympathisers, following a failed coup which resulted in the death of six generals.