Ef­fects of smok­ing on your health

Daily Trust - - HEALTH - By Fa­had Ibrahim

Smok­ing has a lot of neg­a­tive ef­fects on the health. It is a ma­jor risk fac­tor for heart at­tacks, strokes, chronic ob­struc­tive pul­monary dis­ease (in­clud­ing em­phy­sema and chronic bron­chi­tis), and can­cer par­tic­u­larly lung can­cer, can­cers of the lar­ynx and mouth, and pan­cre­atic can­cer.

Sev­eral coun­tries have taken mea­sures to con­trol the con­sump­tion of to­bacco with us­age and sales re­stric­tions as well as warn­ing mes­sages printed on pack­ag­ing.

De­spite the ef­forts made by gov­ern­ment agen­cies, cam­paigns by non-gov­ern­men­tal or­ga­ni­za­tions, parental cau­tion and mon­i­tor­ing, the num­ber of smok­ers among ado­les­cents con­tin­ues to in­crease daily.

Ac­cord­ing to a re­cent Re­port by the World Health Or­gan­i­sa­tion (WHO) six mil­lion peo­ple die from smok­ing each year. And if noth­ing is done; this fig­ure will rise to eight mil­lion peo­ple by 2030; and eighty per­cent of these deaths will come from de­vel­op­ing coun­tries like Nige­ria.

“Smok­ing is a ma­jor risk fac­tor for heart at­tacks, strokes, and chronic ob­struc­tive pul­monary dis­ease,” said Doc­tor Is­maila Daro, a Gen­eral Med­i­cal prac­ti­tioner at the Gwar­inpa Gen­eral Hos­pi­tal, Abuja.

A 35 –year-old man who doesn’t want his name pub­lished, said he smoked to­bacco for ten years, and he de­vel­oped liver and lungs dis­eases. He said his doc­tor told him that if he con­tin­ued smok­ing, it would kill him in a short time.

Another per­son sim­ply called Musty who spent six months in the hos­pi­tal for lung dis­ease and chest pain said he was taken to Egypt for treat­ment.

Mubarak who is still smok­ing said even though he was aware of the neg­a­tive ef­fects he couldn’t stop smok­ing.

“I smoke weed, Dokha, cig­a­rette and Shisha,” he said “I can’t stop it for now. I am en­joy­ing it. It makes me happy, and takes away all my wor­ries. I am so ad­dicted to smok­ing that there are some kind of ac­tiv­i­ties I can’t per­form with­out tak­ing it” he ex­plained.

Dr Daro said: “To­bacco use is also a sig­nif­i­cant fac­tor for women hav­ing mis­car­riages among preg­nant smok­ers. It also con­trib­utes to a num­ber of other health prob­lems for the fe­tus; such as pre­ma­ture birth, low birth weight, and in­creases by 1.4 to 3 times the chance of sud­den in­fant death syn­drome.”

How­ever, ex­perts said if some­one stops smok­ing, then these chances grad­u­ally de­creases as the dam­age to their bod­ies are re­paired.

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