Signs and symp­toms of mon­key pox

Weekly Trust - - News -

The in­cu­ba­tion pe­riod (in­ter­val from in­fec­tion to on­set of symp­toms) of mon­key­pox is usu­ally from 6 to 16 days but can range from 5 to 21 days.

The in­fec­tion can be di­vided into two pe­ri­ods: In­va­sion pe­riod (0-5 days) It comes with fever, in­tense headache, swelling of the lymph node, back pain, mus­cle aches and in­tense lack of en­ergy.

Skin erup­tion pe­riod (within 1-3 days af­ter ap­pear­ance of fever). Var­i­ous stages of the rash ap­pears, of­ten be­gin­ning on the face and then spread­ing else­where on the body.

In 95% of cases, the face is most af­fected; in 75% of cases, the soles of the feet are most af­fected.

The rashes evolve from le­sions with flat bases to blis­ters filled to fluid. Then they be­come pus­tules and turn to crust in ap­prox­i­mately 10 days.

Three weeks might be nec­es­sary be­fore the com­plete dis­ap­pear­ance of the crusts.

The le­sions can num­ber from a few to sev­eral thou­sand and af­fect mu­cous lin­ings of the mouth, gen­i­tals, eye­lids and eye­balls.

Some pa­tients de­velop se­verely swollen lymph nodes be­fore the ap­pear­ance of the rash, which is a dis­tinc­tive fea­ture of mon­key­pox com­pared to other sim­i­lar dis­eases.

Mon­key­pox is usu­ally a self-lim­ited dis­ease with the symp­toms last­ing from 14 to 21 days.

Se­vere cases oc­cur more com­monly among chil­dren and are re­lated to the ex­tent of virus exposure, pa­tient health sta­tus and sever­ity of com­pli­ca­tions.

Peo­ple liv­ing in or near the forested ar­eas may have in­di­rect or low-level exposure to in­fected an­i­mals, pos­si­bly lead­ing to in­fec­tions that show no symp­toms.

The case fa­tal­ity has var­ied widely between epi­demics but has been less than 10% in doc­u­mented events, mostly among young chil­dren. In gen­eral, younger age-groups ap­pear to be more sus­cep­ti­ble to mon­key­pox. Adapted from WHO.

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