Norway-Asia Business Review - - Snapshots -

Myan­mar adopted a new con­sti­tu­tion in 2008 -- af­ter a ref­er­en­dum, con­demned as a “sham” by the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity, which over­whelm­ingly vote for the draft. The con­sti­tu­tion al­lo­cated 25% of the par­lia­men­tary seats to the mil­i­tary, and three min­istries – border af­fairs, de­fence and home m. af­fairs were as­signed to the mil­i­tary, with the in­is­ter se­lected by the com­man­der in chief.

Elec­tions were held in Novem­ber 2008 un­der the con­sti­tu­tion, which was over­whelm­ingly won by the pro-mil­i­tary Union Sol­i­dar­ity and Devel­op­ment Party T. (USDP) won over­whelm­ingly won and U hein Sein be­came Pres­i­dent.

In by elec­tions in April 2012 – the 4.3 Na­tional League for Democ­racy (NLD) won of the 45 seats con­tested. The NLD con­vinc­ingly won the elec­tions in Novem­ber 2015, win­ning 80% of the l. par­lia­men­tary seats in both the up­per and ower houses.

Htin Kyaw was voted in as pres­i­dent. He and the new Cab­i­net were sworn in on 30 March 2016. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi was later made State Coun­sel­lor, mak­ing her ef­fec­tively the head of gov­ern­ment.

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