Myanmar adopted a new constitution in 2008 -- after a referendum, condemned as a “sham” by the international community, which overwhelmingly vote for the draft. The constitution allocated 25% of the parliamentary seats to the military, and three ministries – border affairs, defence and home m. affairs were assigned to the military, with the inister selected by the commander in chief.
Elections were held in November 2008 under the constitution, which was overwhelmingly won by the pro-military Union Solidarity and Development Party T. (USDP) won overwhelmingly won and U hein Sein became President.
In by elections in April 2012 – the 4.3 National League for Democracy (NLD) won of the 45 seats contested. The NLD convincingly won the elections in November 2015, winning 80% of the l. parliamentary seats in both the upper and ower houses.
Htin Kyaw was voted in as president. He and the new Cabinet were sworn in on 30 March 2016. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi was later made State Counsellor, making her effectively the head of government.