TODAY IN HISTORY
Queen Maria of England marries Philip, King of Naples.
Latin American revolutionary Simon Bolivar is born in Caracas, Venezuela.
Benjamin Bonneville leads the first wagon train across the Rocky Mountains by Wyoming’s South Pass.
Martin Van Buren, the eighth president of the United States, and the first to have been born a US citizen, dies at age 79 in Kinderhook, New York, the town where he was born in 1782.
Tennessee becomes the first state to be readmitted to the Union after the Civil War.
China takes British protectorate of Burma.
For only time in history of US Tennis championships, an event is held off the Eastern seaboard - Men’s double championship in Chicago.
In Turkey, the Sultan AbdulHamid, under pressure from within the Ottoman Empire, appoints a commission to consider reforms that might pacify Macedonian revolutionaries.
The SS Eastland, a passenger ship carrying more than 2,500 people, rolls onto its side while docked at the Clark Street Bridge on the Chicago River; an estimated 844 people die in the disaster.
Bella Abzug, the American feminist, lawyer and politician, is born. Following her death on March 31, 1998, her obituary appeared in The
The Menin Gate war memorial is unveiled at Ypres, a Belgian municipality located in the Flemish province of West Flanders.
First greetings telegram is sent in Britain.
The world’s first children’s railway opens in Tbilisi, then in USSR, now the capital of the country of Georgia.
The state of Alabama drops charges against four of the nine young black men accused of raping two white women in the ‘Scottsboro Case’.
The US government denounces Japanese actions in Indochina.
The Soviet city of Rostov is captured by German troops.
Operation Gomorrah begins with RAF bombing Hamburg (till August 3), creating firestorm and killing 42,600.
The US Fifth Air Force relocates from Japan to Korea.
During a visit to Moscow, Vice President Richard Nixon engages in his famous ‘Kitchen Debate’ with Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev.
The US Supreme Court unanimously rules that President Richard Nixon must turn over subpoenaed White House tape recordings to the Watergate special prosecutor.
Nobel Prize-winning author Isaac Bashevis Singer dies in Miami at age 87.
A gunman bursts into the US Capitol, killing two police officers before being shot and captured. (The shooter, Russell Eugene Weston Jr, is being held in a federal mental facility.)
Nine coal miners get trapped in a flooded tunnel of the Quecreek Mine in western Pennsylvania; the story ends happily 77 hours later with the rescue of all nine.
Air Algerie Flight 5017, an MD-83 carrying 116 people, crashes in northern Mali, killing all on board; it is the third major international aviation disaster in a week.
1969 The Apollo 11 astronauts - two of whom had been the first men to set foot on the Moon – splashed down safely in the Pacific
1897 Amelia Earhart, the American aviation pioneer to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean, is born in Atchison, Kansas, US