TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

Muscat Daily - - OPINION -

1554

Queen Maria of Eng­land mar­ries Philip, King of Naples.

1783

Latin Amer­i­can rev­o­lu­tion­ary Si­mon Bo­li­var is born in Cara­cas, Venezuela.

1832

Ben­jamin Bon­neville leads the first wagon train across the Rocky Moun­tains by Wy­oming’s South Pass.

1862

Martin Van Buren, the eighth pres­i­dent of the United States, and the first to have been born a US ci­ti­zen, dies at age 79 in Kin­der­hook, New York, the town where he was born in 1782.

1866

Ten­nessee be­comes the first state to be read­mit­ted to the Union af­ter the Civil War.

1886

China takes Bri­tish pro­tec­torate of Burma.

1893

For only time in his­tory of US Ten­nis cham­pi­onships, an event is held off the East­ern seaboard - Men’s dou­ble cham­pi­onship in Chicago.

1902

In Turkey, the Sul­tan Ab­dulHamid, un­der pres­sure from within the Ot­toman Em­pire, ap­points a com­mis­sion to con­sider re­forms that might pacify Mace­do­nian rev­o­lu­tion­ar­ies.

1915

The SS East­land, a pas­sen­ger ship car­ry­ing more than 2,500 peo­ple, rolls onto its side while docked at the Clark Street Bridge on the Chicago River; an es­ti­mated 844 peo­ple die in the dis­as­ter.

1920

Bella Abzug, the Amer­i­can fem­i­nist, lawyer and politi­cian, is born. Fol­low­ing her death on March 31, 1998, her obit­u­ary ap­peared in The

Times.

1927

The Menin Gate war me­mo­rial is un­veiled at Ypres, a Bel­gian mu­nic­i­pal­ity lo­cated in the Flem­ish prov­ince of West Flan­ders.

1935

First greet­ings tele­gram is sent in Bri­tain.

1935

The world’s first chil­dren’s rail­way opens in Tbil­isi, then in USSR, now the cap­i­tal of the coun­try of Ge­or­gia.

1937

The state of Alabama drops charges against four of the nine young black men ac­cused of rap­ing two white women in the ‘Scotts­boro Case’.

1941

The US gov­ern­ment de­nounces Ja­panese ac­tions in In­dochina.

1942

The Soviet city of Ros­tov is cap­tured by Ger­man troops.

1943

Op­er­a­tion Go­mor­rah be­gins with RAF bomb­ing Ham­burg (till Au­gust 3), cre­at­ing firestorm and killing 42,600.

1950

The US Fifth Air Force re­lo­cates from Ja­pan to Korea.

1959

Dur­ing a visit to Moscow, Vice Pres­i­dent Richard Nixon en­gages in his fa­mous ‘Kitchen De­bate’ with Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev.

1974

The US Supreme Court unan­i­mously rules that Pres­i­dent Richard Nixon must turn over sub­poe­naed White House tape record­ings to the Water­gate special prose­cu­tor.

1991

No­bel Prize-win­ning au­thor Isaac Ba­she­vis Singer dies in Mi­ami at age 87.

1998

A gun­man bursts into the US Capi­tol, killing two po­lice of­fi­cers be­fore be­ing shot and cap­tured. (The shooter, Rus­sell Eu­gene We­ston Jr, is be­ing held in a fed­eral men­tal fa­cil­ity.)

2002

Nine coal min­ers get trapped in a flooded tun­nel of the Que­creek Mine in west­ern Penn­syl­va­nia; the story ends hap­pily 77 hours later with the res­cue of all nine.

2014

Air Al­gerie Flight 5017, an MD-83 car­ry­ing 116 peo­ple, crashes in north­ern Mali, killing all on board; it is the third ma­jor in­ter­na­tional avi­a­tion dis­as­ter in a week.

1969 The Apollo 11 as­tro­nauts - two of whom had been the first men to set foot on the Moon – splashed down safely in the Pa­cific

1897 Amelia Earhart, the Amer­i­can avi­a­tion pi­o­neer to fly solo across the At­lantic Ocean, is born in Atchi­son, Kansas, US

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