TODAY IN HISTORY
Constantine I is proclaimed Roman Emperor by his troops.
The Edict of Pistres of Charles the Bald orders defensive measures against the Vikings.
Portuguese forces under Afonso de Albuquerque first assault the prosperous trading city of Malacca, Malay Peninsula.
Sebastián de Belalcázar on his search of El Dorado founds the City of Santiago de Cali.
Don Diego de Losada founds the city of Santiago de Leon de Caracas, modern-day Caracas, the capital city of Venezuela.
Costa Rica annexes Guanacaste from Nicaragua.
The first recorded railroad accident in US history occurs when four people are thrown off a vacant car on the Granite Railway near Quincy, Massachusetts. One man is killed and the others are seriously injured.
Ibrahim Pasha’s army attacks Jewish settlers of Hebron Palestine.
First battle at Custozza: Austrians troops under Radetzky beat Italian troops.
Gold is discovered in Oregon (Rogue River).
Joaquin Murietta, the famous Californio bandit known as ‘Robin Hood of El Dorado’, is killed.
Emily Hobhouse addresses public meetings in Britain on the concentration camps during the South African War.
France’s Louis Bleriot, makes 1st airplane flight across English Channel.
Comoros proclaimed a French colony.
A meeting in Johannesburg, called by the South African Native National Congress, now African National Congress, is attended by a large number of people from South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho, and Swaziland.
Germany Socialist-Democrat Party declares: ‘No German blood for Austrian tyrant’ in response to German support of AustriaHungary against Serbia.
Annette Adams sworn in as first woman district attorney of US, California.
Puerto Rico becomes a selfgoverning US commonwealth (Constitution Day).
US, Russia & Britain sign nuclear Test ban treaty
George Harrison pays £1,000,000 tax on his Bangladesh concert and album.
Anti-apartheid protesters in Hamilton, New Zealand, force the cancellation of a rugby test between New Zealand’s All Blacks and South Africa’s Springboks by invading the pitch during the game.
K R Narayanan is sworn-in as India’s tenth president and the first Dalit, formerly called ‘untouchable’ to hold the office.
Scientists announce the first human stem cells to be cultured in a laboratory using tissue taken from aborted human embryos.
Air France Flight 4590, a supersonic passenger jet, crashes after takeoff from Paris killing all 109 aboard and four on the ground.
San Cristobal de la Habana forms in Cuba.
Sir Thomas Whyte introduces the first income tax in Canada as a ‘temporary’ measure (lowest bracket is four per cent and highest is 25 per cent).
1970 The ninth British Commonwealth Games close in Edinburgh, Scotland. This file photo shows participants dancing around the stadium at the closing of the Games
1814 English engineer George Stephenson introduces the first steam locomotive. This combo-photo shows George Stephenson (left) and a sketch of his first steam locomotive Blucher