TODAY IN HISTORY
Dutch painter Rembrandt van Rijn declares he is insolvent.
US Continental Congress creates United States Post Office (USPO) in Philadelphia under Benjamin Franklin.
New York becomes the 11th state to ratify US constitution.
The Liberian Declaration of Independence is signed making Liberia a sovereign nation, independent from the American Colonisation Society.
French marines occupy Tunisian harbour city Sfax.
Irish Volunteers unload a shipment of 1,500 rifles and 45,000 rounds of ammunition that arrive from Germany aboard Erskine Childers’ yacht the Asgard; British troops fire on jeering crowd on Bachelors Walk, Dublin, killing three citizens.
The Philippines government asks USA for a plebiscite on independence.
The Axis Powers decide to intervene in the Spanish Civil War.
Winston Churchill resigns as Britain’s Prime Minister after election defeat.
Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva depart Kirtland Army Air Field to transport the plutonium core for the Fat Man bomb (which was dropped on Nagasaki) to the island of Tinian where the bomb is assembled.
US President Truman signs National Security Act (1947), establishing Department of Defence, CIA, National Security Council and Joint Chiefs of Staff.
The Netherlands ends by legislation the state of war with Germany.
Egypt seizes the Suez Canal.
The USSR launches first intercontinental multistage ballistic missile.
the first airship with nuclear missiles, arrives in Cuba.
Skopje, Yugoslavia, destroyed by earthquake, over 1,000 killed.
Train from Povoa de Varzin, Portugal derails near Oporto, 94 die.
Republic of Maldives gains independence from Britain (National Day).
Sharon Sites Adams (39) becomes first lady to solo sail the Pacific.
The Soviet Union performs underground nuclear Test.
Britain honours her dead in the Falklands War.
Mars Observer takes first photo of the Red Planet, from 5bn kilometre.
Turkish air force bombs Kurds, struggle in Iraq, killing 70.
Samir Geagea, the Lebanese Forces (LF) leader, is released after spending 11 years in a solitary confinement. His release comes after the end of the Syrian occupation to Lebanon.
Insurgent attack kills 19 people and destroys a helicopter at Baqubah, Iraq.
North Korea is hit by Tropical Storm Khanun, killing 88 people and leaving 60,000 people homeless.
The Chinese government suspends the operations of a Shanghai meat dealer and makes arrests after the company sold out-of-date meat to fast food chains.
2013 Fifty-seven people are killed in a market bombing in Parachinar, Pakistan. This AFP file photo shows people at the blast site after the explosion
1953 Fidel Castro begins rebellion, the ‘26th of July Movement’, against Fulgenico Batista’s regime in Cuba