TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

Muscat Daily - - WORLD -

338

BC Mace­do­nian army led by Philip II de­feats com­bined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Bat­tle of Chaeronea, se­cur­ing Mace­do­nian hege­mony in Greece and the Aegean.

1100 1578

Bat­tle of Ri­j­me­nam: Span­ish Hab­s­berg forces de­feated by Dutch troops (Eighty Years’ War).

1791

Sa­muel Briggs and his son, patent nail-mak­ing ma­chine.

1798

Bat­tle of the Nile: Bri­tish Royal Navy un­der Ad­mi­ral Ho­ra­tio Nel­son fur­ther dec­i­mates the French fleet.

1830

Charles X of France ab­di­cates in favour of his grand­son the Duc de Bordeaux.

1832

Bat­tle of Bad Axe, Wis­con­sin: 1,300 Illi­nois militia de­feat Sauk & Fox Na­tive Amer­i­cans end­ing the Black Hawk War in the US.

1858

Gov­ern­ment of In­dia is trans­ferred from East In­dia Com­pany to the Bri­tish Crown.

1870

Tower Sub­way, the world’s first un­der­ground tube rail­way, opens in Lon­don.

1880

Bri­tish Par­lia­ment of­fi­cially adopts Green­wich Mean Time (GMT).

1884

Dutch Queen Emma is ap­pointed re­gent.

1887

Row­ell Hodge patents barbed wire.

1892

Charles A Wheeler patents a pro­to­type of the es­ca­la­tor.

1903

Un­suc­cess­ful up­ris­ing of Mace­do­nians against Turkey.

1909

First Lin­coln head pen­nies minted.

1911

Haiti’s dic­ta­tor Si­mon flees on a US war­ship from near Ja­maica.

1914 1916

World War I: Aus­trian sab­o­tage causes the sink­ing of the Ital­ian bat­tle­ship

in Taranto.

Leonardo da Vinci

1922

Swa­tow Ty­phoon, a dev­as­tat­ing trop­i­cal cyclone that hit China, kills about 60,000 peo­ple.

1928

Ben­ito Mus­solini signs peace treaty with Abyssinia (Ethiopia).

1934

Adolf Hitler be­comes com­man­der-in-chief of Ger­man armed forces.

1940

Cler­mont-Fer­rand sen­tences Gen­eral Charles de Gaulle to death.

1954

Ta­har ben Am­mar ap­pointed Prime Min­is­ter of Tu­nisia.

1955

The Soviet Union per­forms nu­clear test.

1958

Jor­dan and Iraq di­s­olve their Arab Fed­er­a­tion, after three months.

1964

North Viet­nam fires on a US de­stroyer in the Gulf of Tonkin in­ci­dent which would even­tu­ally es­ca­late US in­volve­ment in the Viet­nam War.

1969

Bob Dy­lan makes sur­prise ap­pear­ance at Hib­bing HS Minn tenth re­union.

1969

US Pres­i­dent Richard Nixon vis­its Ro­ma­nia.

1970

Rub­ber bul­lets are used for the first time in North­ern Ire­land dur­ing ‘The Trou­bles’.

King William II of Eng­land (William Ru­fus) is killed by an ar­row shot by Sir Wal­ter Tyrell while hunt­ing in the New Forest.

Ger­many and Turkey sign se­cret treaty of al­liance.

1865 Lewis Car­roll pub­lishes Alice’s Ad­ven­tures in Won­der­land

1945 Pots­dam Con­fer­ence be­tween Joseph Stalin, Harry S Tru­man and Win­ston Churchill ends. This file photo shows (from left) Churchill, Tru­man and Stalin in the gar­den of Ce­cilien­hof Palace be­fore the con­fer­ence

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