TODAY IN HISTORY
BC Macedonian army led by Philip II defeats combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Battle of Chaeronea, securing Macedonian hegemony in Greece and the Aegean.
Battle of Rijmenam: Spanish Habsberg forces defeated by Dutch troops (Eighty Years’ War).
Samuel Briggs and his son, patent nail-making machine.
Battle of the Nile: British Royal Navy under Admiral Horatio Nelson further decimates the French fleet.
Charles X of France abdicates in favour of his grandson the Duc de Bordeaux.
Battle of Bad Axe, Wisconsin: 1,300 Illinois militia defeat Sauk & Fox Native Americans ending the Black Hawk War in the US.
Government of India is transferred from East India Company to the British Crown.
Tower Subway, the world’s first underground tube railway, opens in London.
British Parliament officially adopts Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
Dutch Queen Emma is appointed regent.
Rowell Hodge patents barbed wire.
Charles A Wheeler patents a prototype of the escalator.
Unsuccessful uprising of Macedonians against Turkey.
First Lincoln head pennies minted.
Haiti’s dictator Simon flees on a US warship from near Jamaica.
World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship
Leonardo da Vinci
Swatow Typhoon, a devastating tropical cyclone that hit China, kills about 60,000 people.
Benito Mussolini signs peace treaty with Abyssinia (Ethiopia).
Adolf Hitler becomes commander-in-chief of German armed forces.
Clermont-Ferrand sentences General Charles de Gaulle to death.
Tahar ben Ammar appointed Prime Minister of Tunisia.
The Soviet Union performs nuclear test.
Jordan and Iraq disolve their Arab Federation, after three months.
North Vietnam fires on a US destroyer in the Gulf of Tonkin incident which would eventually escalate US involvement in the Vietnam War.
Bob Dylan makes surprise appearance at Hibbing HS Minn tenth reunion.
US President Richard Nixon visits Romania.
Rubber bullets are used for the first time in Northern Ireland during ‘The Troubles’.
King William II of England (William Rufus) is killed by an arrow shot by Sir Walter Tyrell while hunting in the New Forest.
Germany and Turkey sign secret treaty of alliance.
1865 Lewis Carroll publishes Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland
1945 Potsdam Conference between Joseph Stalin, Harry S Truman and Winston Churchill ends. This file photo shows (from left) Churchill, Truman and Stalin in the garden of Cecilienhof Palace before the conference