TODAY IN HISTORY
Napoleon Bonaparte sets sail for St Helena, in the South Atlantic, to spend the remainder of his days in exile.
Brigham Young is chosen to lead the Mormons following the killing of Joseph Smith.
Thomas A Edison receives a patent for the mimeograph.
President William Howard Taft signs a measure raising the number of US representatives from 391 to 433, effective with the next Congress.
During the Second Sino-Japanese War, Japan completes its occupation of Beijing.
During World War II, six Nazi saboteurs captured after landing in the US are executed in Washington, DC; two others spared for cooperating with authorities.
President Harry S Truman signs the US instrument of ratification for the United Nations Charter. The Soviet Union declares war against Japan during World War II.
The United States and South Korea enter into a mutual security pact.
Britain’s ‘Great Train Robbery’ takes place as thieves make off with £2.6mn in banknotes.
UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar announces a ceasefire between Iran and Iraq.
Israel and Jordan open the first road link between the two once-warring countries.
Iran resumes work at a uranium conversion facility after suspending activities for nine months to avoid UN sanctions.
1974 US President Richard Nixon announces his resignation, effective the next day, following damaging new revelations in the Watergate scandal
2008 The Summer Olympic Games open in Beijing