TODAY IN HISTORY
Commanded by Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conquistadors under Hernando de Soto meet Inca Empire leader Atahualpa for the first time outside Cajamarca, arranging a meeting on the city plaza the following day.
Lt Zebulon Pike sees a distant mountain peak while near the Colorado foothills of the Rocky Mountains. It is later named Pikes Peak.
Brazil is declared a republic by Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca as Emperor Pedro II is deposed in a military coup.
Winston Churchill resigns from his government, and soon commands the 6th Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers on the Western Front.
The Free City of Danzig is established.
The NBC network opens with 24 radio stations.
Thailand has its first election.
The Holocaust: German SS leader Heinrich Himmler orders that Gypsies are to be put ‘on the same level as Jews and placed in concentration camps’.
Nathuram Godse and Narayan Apte are executed for assassinating Mahatma Gandhi.
The murders of the Clutter Family in Holcomb, Kansas, which inspired Truman Capote’s non-fiction book In
Cold Blood. 1969
Vietnam War: In Washington, DC, 250,000-500,000 protesters stage a peaceful demonstration against the war, including a symbolic ‘March Against Death’.
Intel releases the world’s first commercial single-chip microprocessor, the 4004.
A package from Unabomber Ted Kaczynski begins smoking in the cargo hold of a flight from Chicago to Washington, DC, forcing an emergency landing.
A research assistant is injured when a package from the Unabomber addressed to a University of Michigan professor explodes.
An independent State of Palestine is proclaimed by the Palestinian National Council.
The first Fairtrade label, Max Havelaar, is launched in the Netherlands.
Jharkhand state comes into existence in India.
Hong Kong High Court bans elected politicians Yau Waiching and Baggio Leung from the city’s parliament.
2007 Cyclone Sidr hits Bangladesh, killing an estimated 5,000 people and destroying parts of the world’s largest mangrove forest, the Sundarbans
1935 Manuel L Quezon is inaugurated as the second President of the Philippines