Canada, Pak­istan ce­ment links

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Canada and Pak­istan have tra­di­tion­ally en­joyed good bi­lat­eral re­la­tions based on a his­tor­i­cal his­tory of de­vel­op­ment ties to­talling nearly $ 2 bil­lion since the 1950s, shared ex­pe­ri­ence in the Com­mon­wealth and the pres­ence of the dy­namic Pak­istaniCana­dian com­mu­nity, ap­proach­ing some 300,000. The grow­ing com­mu­nity con­tin­ues to make sig­nif­i­cant con­tri­bu­tions to the pros­per­ity and multi- cul­tural fab­ric of Canada.

Canada pur­sues a broad range of in­ter­ests in the con­text of bi­lat­eral re­la­tions with Pak­istan, in­clud­ing de­vel­op­ment co­op­er­a­tion; peo­ple- to- peo­ple links; re­gional se­cu­rity and de­fence; gov­er­nance and hu­man rights and trade and in­vest­ment.

Canada sup­ports pro­grams that help strengthen demo­cratic in­sti­tu­tions in­te­gral to a pros­per­ous fu­ture for the coun­try. Peo­ple- topeo­ple links be­tween Pak­istan and Canada re­main strong. Pak­istan is among Canada’s top ten sources of im­mi­grants, with more than 6214 per­ma­nent res­i­dent visas is­sued in 2009. Nearly 12,000 tem­po­rary res­i­dent and stu­dent visas were also is­sued the same year.

By 2009, Canada- Pak­istan bi­lat­eral trade had reached $ 651.1 mil­lion with Cana­dian ex­ports to Pak­istan at $ 408.6 mil­lion. In Pak­istan, Cana­dian com­pa­nies find op­por­tu­ni­ties in in­fra­struc­ture, in­for­ma­tion and com­mu­ni­ca­tion tech­nolo­gies, min­ing, en­ergy, agri-food and wood sec­tors.

The most im­por­tant ini­tia­tives have been through the Cana­dian In­ter­na­tional De­vel­op­ment Agency ( CIDA), whose ef­forts are fo­cused on health ser­vices, ed­u­ca­tion and train­ing, com­mu­nity de­vel­op­ment and sup­port for NGOS and com­mu­ni­ty­based or­ga­ni­za­tions. Through lo­cal civil so­ci­ety or­ga­ni­za­tions, CIDA is en­gaged in ca­pac­ity build­ing for so­cial ser­vices de­liv­ery, par­tic­i­pa­tory de­vel­op­ment and ad­vo­cacy of the hu­man and demo­cratic rights of marginal­ized groups in Pak­istani so­ci­ety.

More­over, the Gov­ern­ment of Canada al­lo­cated about $ 79.8 mil­lion in re­sponse to the 2010 floods in Pak­istan. Of this, $ 71.8 mil­lion was pro­vided by CIDA for hu­man­i­tar­ian as­sis­tance and early re­cov­ery and $ 8 mil­lion by the Depart­ment of For­eign Af­fairs and In­ter­na­tional Trade. In­di­vid­ual Cana­di­ans do­nated $ 46.8 mil­lion to reg­is­tered Cana­dian char­i­ties in sup­port of flood re­lief, which was matched by the Gov­ern­ment of Canada. Canada was also a sig­nif­i­cant donor fol­low­ing the Oc­to­ber 2005 earth­quake in Pak­istan, in­clud­ing de­ploy­ment of the Dis­as­ter As­sis­tance Re­sponse Team ( DART). Canada com­mit­ted ap­prox­i­mately $ 130 mil­lion for earth­quake re­lief and re­con­struc­tion ef­forts.

With re­spect to the en­vi­ron­ment, Canada has helped strengthen Pak­istan’s ca­pac­ity to de­velop and im­ple­ment an in­ter­na­tion­ally­ac­claimed Na­tional Con­ser­va­tion Strat­egy and re­lated pro­grams at the fed­eral, pro­vin­cial and lo­cal lev­els.

In re­sponse to the evolv­ing so­cio- po­lit­i­cal sit­u­a­tion in Pak­istan, Canada is in­tro­duc­ing more sys­tem­atic pro­grams for the pro­mo­tion of gov­er­nance, hu­man rights and demo­cratic de­vel­op­ment, based on CIDA’S cur­rent pro­grams and part­ner­ships. Many of CIDA’S for­mer NGO part­ners have been ap­pointed to key gov­ern­ment po­si­tions and or­ga­ni­za­tion is well po­si­tioned to en­gage with them as well as the civil so­ci­ety. Pro­posed re­forms in­clude de­vo­lu­tion of power and elec­tions at the lo­cal level; im­proved gov­er­nance through public sec­tor re­form; the up­hold­ing of hu­man rights with fo­cus on women, chil­dren and mi­nori­ties; and com­mit­ment to eco­nomic re­cov­ery and poverty re­duc­tion.

The top 10 in­dus­tries for Pak­istani ex­porters to Canada are cur­tain and linen mills, men’s and boys’ cut and slew cloth­ing man­u­fac­tur­ing, hosiery and sock mills, broad-wo­ven fab­ric mills, women’s and girls’ cut and slew man­u­fac­tur­ing, car­pet and rug mills, cloth­ing ac­ces­sories and other cloth­ing man­u­fac­tur­ing, flour milling and malt man­u­fac­tur­ing and sport­ing and ath­letic goods man­u­fac­tur­ing.

The top ten in­dus­tries of in­ter­est for Cana­dian ex­porters to oilseeds (ex­clud­ing soy­bean), iron and steel mills and ferro-al­loy man­u­fac­tur­ing, dry pea and bean farm­ing, pump and com­pres­sor man­u­fac­tur­ing, coal min­ing, nav­i­ga­tional, mea­sur­ing, med­i­cal and con­trol in­stru­ments man­u­fac­tur­ing, re­cy­clable me­tal whole­salers-dis­trib­u­tors, ra­dio and tele­vi­sion broad­cast­ing, wire­less com­mu­ni­ca­tions equip­ment man­u­fac­tur­ing and other in­dus­trial ma­chin­ery man­u­fac­tur­ing.

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