World View

Dys­func­tional global trans­porta­tion

Enterprise - - Contents -

bil­lion peo­ple at the low­est so­cial cost.

The re­gional in­puts on trans­port poli­cies, ex­ist­ing and po­ten­tial de­vel­op­ments in both fu­els and tech­nolo­gies, in ad­di­tion to crit­i­cal un­cer­tain­ties, have been com­bined into two dis­tinct trans­port sce­nar­ios ‘free­way’ and ‘toll­way’. The ‘Free­way’ sce­nario en­vis­ages a world where pure mar­ket forces pre­vail to cre­ate a cli­mate for open global com­pe­ti­tion. While, the ‘Toll­way’ sce­nario de­scribes a more reg­u­lated world where gov­ern­ments de­cide to in­ter­vene in mar­kets to pro­mote tech­nol­ogy so­lu­tions and in­fra­struc­ture de­vel­op­ment bud­gets and the un­pre­dictabil­ity of hu­man be­hav­iour. It is com­mon that a quar­ter of a coun­try’s sched­uled flights may get de­layed, traf­fic con­ges­tion is cost­ing economies more than 1 per­cent of gross do­mes­tic prod­uct, less than half of all con­tainer ves­sels ar­rive in port on sched­ule, and 20 per­cent of CO₂ emis­sions are the byprod­uct of trans­porta­tion.

To over­come con­ges­tion, sched­ul­ing peo­ple is near to im­pos­si­ble. For in­stance, the peak and off-peak phe­nom­e­non is unique to road trans­porta­tion. Look­ing at ur­ban mo­bil­ity, it re­ally is all the peo­ple go­ing from the same place in the air pol­lu­tion, the costs of traf­fic ac­ci­dents, public health, con­ges­tion costs, etc. The to­tal, in some cases, amounts to as much as 10 per­cent of the gross do­mes­tic prod­uct and is dis­pro­por­tion­ately borne by low and mid­dle-in­come groups. About 1.3 mil­lion peo­ple a year die in traf­fic ac­ci­dents world­wide and prob­a­bly even more die from air pol­lu­tion re­lated to traf­fic. Those num­bers are go­ing up across the world, turn­ing dys­func­tional global trans­porta­tion into a salient po­lit­i­cal is­sue that needs to be ad­dressed by look­ing at how to bet­ter or­ga­nize cities to man­age traf­fic and to cut pol­lu­tion. to de­liver bet­ter value for cus­tomers. The cru­cial thing is that trans­porta­tion is part of a sys­tem; all too of­ten we do these public-pri­vate part­ner­ships and trans­port these one-off projects on a par­tic­u­lar road or a par­tic­u­lar bridge, and then we lose the ca­pa­bil­ity to man­age the sys­tem ef­fec­tively. The public sec­tor has an im­por­tant role to play in set­ting the goals for our trans­porta­tion sys­tem and then en­gag­ing the pri­vate sec­tor to help achieve those goals. Places like Colom­bia, Sin­ga­pore, Stock­holm, the UK and Canada - all pro­vide ex­am­ples of this kind of ap­proach.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Pakistan

© PressReader. All rights reserved.