EU’s con­cur­rent list

Enterprise - - Letters -

The EU is a some­what loose as­so­ci­a­tion of sov­er­eign, in­de­pen­dent states and is nei­ther a fed­er­a­tion or a con­fed­er­a­tion. Just like in Pak­istan, the EU mem­ber state have also agreed upon a list of sub­jects (re­ferred to as com­pe­ten­cies in the EU) that would be the ex­clu­sive do­main of Brussels and which would be shared. The shared com­pe­ten­cies (where EU law would pre­vail) are re­mark­ably sim­i­lar to the de­funct ‘con­cur­rent list’ that was abol­ished by the 18th amend­ment. An ab­bre­vi­ated ver­sion of the EU com­pe­ten­cies list is re­pro­duced be­low for com­par­i­son pur­pose: Ex­clu­sive do­main of Brussels: 1. cus­toms union 2. rules for in­ter­nal mar­ket 3. mon­e­tary pol­icy 4. fish­eries pol­icy 5. com­mer­cial pol­icy Con­cur­rent be­tween EU and mem­ber states (EU law will over­ride mem­ber state law): 1. in­ter­nal mar­ket 2. so­cial pol­icy (in­clud­ing la­bor) 3. eco­nomic, so­cial and ter­ri­to­rial co­he­sion 4. agri­cul­ture and fish­eries 5. en­vi­ron­ment 6. con­sumer pro­tec­tion (food/drug safety etc.) 7. trans­port 8. trans-euro­pean net­works (trans-bound­ary is­sues) 9. en­ergy 10. free­dom, se­cu­rity and jus­tice 11. pub­lic health mat­ters 12. re­search and tech­nol­ogy There is also a list of ‘sup­port­ing com­pe­ten­cies’ where the EU co­or­di­nates, sup­ports and sup­ple­ments mem­ber states: Th­ese are listed be­low: 1. hu­man health 2. in­dus­try 3. cul­ture 4. tourism 5. ed­u­ca­tion, youth, sport, vo­ca­tional train­ing 6. civil pro­tec­tion 7. civil ad­min­is­tra­tion This list was de­vel­oped after much ac­ri­mo­nious de­bate be­tween the mem­ber states but it was agreed that in a common mar­ket where there will be free move­ment of peo­ple, agri­cul­tural pro­duce, la­bor, man­u­fac­tured goods like drugs, dis­eases etc. th­ese are sub­jects that had to be co­or­di­nated and reg­u­lated at a cen­tral fo­cal point. Par­tic­u­larly in­ter­est­ing is the ‘eco­nomic, so­cial and ter­ri­to­rial co­he­sion’ com­pe­tent. Sa­jid Khan


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