Literacy Patterns Stagnant
The 2013-14 PSLM report indicated that Pakistan could not increase its literacy rate in 2013-14 that dropped to 58%.
The devastating floods in 2010, shortage of schools, teachers, student absenteeism and lack of interest at the level of parents, students and teachers – particularly in rural areas – were the reasons behind the increasing illiteracy in 2013-14.
However, according to the labour force survey, the literacy rate jumped from 2013-14 level of 60% to 60.7% in 2014-15. The male and female literacy rates stood at 71.6% and 49.6%, respectively.
The survey is silent on the reasons that were earlier quoted as causes for reduction in the literacy rate in the country.
Under the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), Pakistan was required to increase its literacy rate to 88% by 2015.
The provincial literacy rates show that except for Punjab, the other three provincial governments managed to improve literacy ratios. In Punjab, the literacy ratio remained almost unchanged at 61.9% in 2014-15.
In Sindh, the percentage of educated people improved by 1.6% to 63% in 2014-15. In KPK, the literacy rate increased to 54.1% due to increase in female literacy, a progress of about 1%. In Baluchistan, the literacy rate increased by 2.5% to 54.3% due to improvement in male and female literacy, according to the report.