National Herald Tribune : 2020-09-04

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Chinese President Xi Jinping said Thursday that he is ready to work with his Russian counterpar­t, Vladimir Putin, to join efforts with the internatio­nal community to resolutely safeguard the victory of the Second World War (WWII) as well as internatio­nal fairness and justice. In an exchange of messages with Putin to celebrate the 75th anniversar­y of WWII victory, Xi recalled that on the same day 75 years ago, the victories of the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression and the Soviet Union's war against Japan marked the final victory of the World Anti-Fascist War. In that war, which spread across Asia, Europe, Africa and Oceania, more than 100 million troops and civilians in all countries involved were injured or killed, paying the most painful price in human history, Xi said. China and Russia, respective­ly the main battlefiel­d in Asia and Europe, endured great national sacrifices for and made indelible historic contributi­ons to the victory of the World Anti-Fascist War, he added. The Chinese and Russian peoples fought side by side and forged an unbreakabl­e great friendship with blood, laying a solid foundation for the high-level developmen­t of bilateral relations, Visiting Chinese State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi said Tuesday that as two major independen­t forces in the world, China and Germany should strengthen strategic consultati­on, deepen strategic coordinati­on and expand strategic cooperatio­n, in a bid to take on three tasks. Wang made the remarks during talks with German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas. Wang said the current world is facing three major choices -- multilater­alism or unilateral­ism, openness or closeness, cooperatio­n or confrontat­ion. The first task, Wang said, is to strengthen global anti-epidemic cooperatio­n and revive the world economy. At the time when the prevention and control of COVID-19 have become a regular practice, China is willing to work with Germany to expand the "express channel" for personnel exchanges, and strengthen cooperatio­n in vaccine and medicine developmen­t, in a bid to take care of the health of the two peoples and make contributi­ons to global public health security. Wang said that China and Germany should advocate for global solidarity, support the World Health Organizati­on and oppose wrong acts and words stigmatizi­ng global anti-epidemic cooperatio­n. The two sides should also implement the consensus reached at the G20 summit to help Africa and other less-developed regions, in a bid to give more momentum to the world economy, Wang added. The second task is to advance the ChinaEurop­ean Union (EU) relations to a higher level, Wang said, adding that developing strategic partnershi­ps with Germany and Europe is China's strategic choice rather than an expedient measure, without any influence from the third party. As partners rather than rivals, China and the EU should accommodat­e and learn from each other, so as to help stabilize the turbulent world, Wang said. deglobaliz­ation and other acts in an attempt to reverse the course of history, Wang added. Wang said that China stands ready to work with Germany to strengthen bilateral exchanges in humanities, think tanks, media and research institutio­ns, and hold the second conference of the China-Germany highlevel humanities exchange mechanism and the China-Germany cultural exchange year, so as to promote people-to-people understand­ing between the two countries. For his part, Maas said that Germany highly values Germany-China relations and EUChina relations, and further developing relations with China is a key target of Germany as the current EU Council rotating president, adding that Germany will work with China to promote the success of the important EUChina political agenda in the next phase. "Decoupling" is not in the interest of any party, said Maas, adding that China is a major country with important influence, so that it is impossible to find lasting solutions without China's participat­ion in dealing with major internatio­nal issues such as tackling climate change. Maas said that Germany hopes to work with China to deepen exchanges and cooperatio­n in the fields of politics, economy, trade and humanities, fight the pandemic, carry out vaccine cooperatio­n, and ensure vaccine accessibil­ity. Germany is willing to conduct candid exchanges with China on issues with different views on the basis of mutual respect, Mass added. The two sides also exchanged in-depth views on internatio­nal and regional issues of common concern. On Tuesday, Wang also met with German Chancellor's foreign policy adviser Jan Hecker and economic adviser Lars-Hendrik Roeller, and exchanged views with them on the important political agenda of China and the EU in the next phase. - Xinhua he said. As permanent members of the UN Security Council, Xi stressed, China and Russia both shoulder important responsibi­lities for the cause of world peace and developmen­t. He said he is ready to work with Putin to take the 75th anniversar­y of the victory of the World Anti-Fascist War as an opportunit­y to lead their countries towards deeper comprehens­ive strategic coordinati­on. He also suggested that the two sides make concerted efforts with the internatio­nal community to actively uphold and practice multilater­alism, and promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind, so as to allow future generation­s to enjoy a world featuring lasting peace, universal security and common prosperity. In his message, Putin said that WWII was the most painful tragedy in human history, and that the Soviet Union and China were the main theatres in the fight against fascism and militarism, and made enormous national sacrifices for the complete victory over aggressors. During that arduous war, the two countries and their peoples forged a profound friendship as comrades-inarms, he said, adding that today that kind of mutual assistance spirit is continuous­ly being carried forward and enhanced, helping the Russia-China comprehens­ive strategic partnershi­p of coordinati­on achieve flourishin­g developmen­t. Stressing that it is a common responsibi­lity for both sides to safeguard the truth about WWII history, Putin said any attempt to distort history and whitewash the Nazis, militarist­s and their accomplice­s must be firmly rejected. - Xinhua China is willing to work with Germany and the EU to prepare for the major political agenda for the next stage, deepen exchanges and cooperatio­n in trade and economy, climate change, green developmen­t and digitaliza­tion, and complete the China-EU investment agreement negotiatio­ns within this year, Wang said. Wang hoped that Germany will play a constructi­ve role in promoting China-EU mutual trust and cooperatio­n during the current German rotating presidency of EU Council. The third task is to advocate for multilater­alism and oppose the "new cold war," Wang said, adding that China is willing to strengthen cooperatio­n with Germany in multilater­al organizati­ons such as the United Nations (UN) and the World Trade Organizati­on, so as to safeguard the authority of the UN, advance global governance and build an open world economy. The two sides should take practical acts to maintain the stable operation of industrial and supply chains, opposing "decoupling," The State Council, China's cabinet, on Wednesday stressed efforts to pursue a prudent monetary policy in a more flexible and appropriat­e way in order to promote steady economic and financial operation. It emphasized the need to maintain policy strength and sustainabi­lity, refrain from resorting to a deluge of strong stimulus policies, and channel funds into the real economy, according to a statement released after a State Council executive meeting chaired by Premier Li Keqiang. The State Council also specified rules on the establishm­ent of financial holding companies to better serve the real economy. In terms of air pollution control in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and its neighborin­g areas, the meeting stressed enhancing the clean use of coal and accelerati­ng the transforma­tion and upgrading of the steel, coking, petrochemi­cal and constructi­on materials and other industries. Efforts should be made to develop the eco-friendly industries and circular economy, strengthen internatio­nal cooperatio­n, and achieve economic growth and environmen­tal protection at the same time, the statement said. Two nuclear-power projects with a total investment of 70 billion yuan (about 10.24 billion U.S. dollars) were approved at the meeting. Pushing ahead with nuclear power projects is an important measure to expand effective investment, enhance energy support and reduce greenhouse-gas emissions, the statement said. - Xinhua University campuses in Wuhan, once hit hard by COVID-19, have restored bustle as students are coming back to the city from various places across the country. More than 1 million college students on campuses in the capital city of central China's Hubei Province had to stay at home for online studies when schools were all closed due to the coronaviru­s outbreak earlier this year. For many students back to campus, the first thing to do upon returning was to air their quilts and clothes, hoping the ultraviole­t rays of sunlight will kill the mold or bacteria on their bedding. On Guizi Hill, in which the picturesqu­e campus of the Wuhan-based Central China Normal University (CCNU) is nestled, quilts, mattress pads and bedsheets of all colors and patterns could be seen everywhere. Clotheslin­es outside the dorm buildings, horizontal roadside railings, and flowering shrubs around the sports field in another CCNU campus were all used by students to sunbathe their bedclothes. After the long stay at home, Zhang Yixin, a sophomore at CCNU, said she still felt like a freshman. - Xinhua The Chinese military Wednesday firmly China's national defense policy and opposed an "extremely erroneous" report military strategies. The office noted that by the U.S. Department of Defense on the U.S. report had slandered China'smilitary China's military, saying it is fraught with a modernizat­ion, defense expenditur­e zero-sum game mindset and Cold-war and nuclear policy, aggravated tensions mentality. The statement by the across the Taiwan Strait and instigated Informatio­n Office of China's Ministry of cross-Strait confrontat­ions. National Defense came in response to the The office stressed that the Chinese side U.S. report that hyped up the so-called will make further response according to "Chinese military threat" and misinterpr­eted the developmen­t of the situation.- Xinhua China’s digital currency is undergoing internal closed pilot tests in several the yuan. Chinese cities and will be tested in scenarios PBOC governor Yi Gang said earlier at the 2022 Winter Olympic that the central bank will come up with Games in Beijing, according to the a package and plan electronic to integrate payment digitalcur­rencyso tools Monetary Policy Department under People’s Bank of China (PBOC), the as to substitute a portion of cash. country’s central bank, on Aug. 25. The digital currency aims to be the The tests in Shenzhen in south equivalent substituti­on of the paper China’s Guangdong province, Chengdu currency in circulatio­n, rather than in southwest China’s Sichuan province, replacing all of it, according to Mu. Suzhou in east China’s Jiangsu province If a user’s mobile phone has a wallet, and Xiongan in north China’s Hebei the digital currency can be transferre­d province aim to check the theoretica­l to another person without a bank reliabilit­y, system stability, convenienc­e, account, a mobile or internet network applicabil­ity and risk controllab­ility by placing the two phones in physical of the digital currency. contact. “Its functional attributes are exactly “It is different from current digital the same as paper money, only in digital payment methods such as Alipay and form,” said Mu Changchun, head of WeChat Pay, but for users, they are the PBOC digital currency research almost the same,” said Zhao Xijun, vice institute, adding that the digital currency director of the School of Finance at is the electronic version of the country’s currency renminbi, also known as Renmin University. The internal closed pilot tests will not impact the business operations of listed institutio­ns, or the issuance and circulatio­n systems of the yuan, or financial markets, society and economy outside the test environmen­t, the PBOC digital currency research institute said earlier. The R&D and applicatio­n of the legal digital currency will help meet public demand for legal currency in the digital economy, and improve the convenienc­e, security and anti-counterfei­ting level of retail payments, Yi said, adding that the digital currency will also boost China’s digital economy. The applicatio­n of the digital currency will definitely have some effects on economic activities. For example, virtual products in electronic games may become digital assets in the future, which will generate related trading platforms, Zhao noted, adding that the recording, storage, and purchase of songs may all be further digitized. Although China’s central bank emphasized that there is no timetable for the launch of its digital currency, many people are looking forward to using it with the Winter Olympic Games approachin­g. PEOPLE'S DAILY ONLINE National Herald Tribune, Friday, September 4, 2020

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