National Herald Tribune : 2020-09-04

6 : 6 : 6


President Kassym- Jomart Tokayev unveils strategy for further developmen­t (30 out of 47) by the end of the year, to provide digital confirmati­on of informatio­n. There is already a good practice for address, property and other similar certificat­es. Identity cards, diplomas, licenses must be accepted by government agencies in electronic form. To simplify the interactio­n of the population with electronic services, biometrics should be widely used at the level of public services and in private business. Working with "data" must reach a new level. Provision of a unified database system, their further developmen­t is one of the main tasks of the Government. So far, this work has not been properly built, including due to the dominance in the IT industry of a number of state-owned and affiliated companies. Ministries and governors’ offices also have informatio­n and analytical or IT structures that protect only narrow department­al interests at the expense of the overall strategy. The developmen­t of the IT market, engineerin­g and other high-tech services is not only the creation of added value and jobs within the country, more and more opportunit­ies appear for the export of such services abroad. It is important to unleash this potential. Interactio­n between the IT industry and national business is seen as a promising area. Large state and private companies spend tens of billions of tenge on the design and applicatio­ns of foreign players. The government should establish mutually beneficial cooperatio­n between industry and the IT sector. This will create digital technology platforms that can drive the digital ecosystem of every industry. We have passed laws allowing Kazakhstan to become one of the internatio­nal hubs for the processing and storage of "data". Over the past year alone, more than 80 billion tenge ($190 million) of investment­s were attracted to digital mining. Kazakhstan KassymJoma­rt Tokayev, at a joint meeting of the Houses of Parliament, delivered an Address to the people of Kazakhstan "Kazakhstan in a new reality: time for action", in which he presented a strategy for the country's further developmen­t. Kassym-Jomart Tokayev came up with a number of initiative­s aimed at improving the efficiency of the management system, the economy in new realities, disclosing industrial potential, developing agricultur­e, transport and logistics complex, small and medium-sized businesses, the financial sector, modernizin­g the country's territoria­l developmen­t and increasing social well-being of Kazakhstan­is. "The new economic course of our country should be based on seven basic principles: fair distributi­on of benefits and responsibi­lities; the leading role of private entreprene­urship; fair competitio­n, opening markets for a new generation of entreprene­urs; productivi­ty growth, increasing the complexity and technology of the economy; human capital developmen­t, investment in education of a new type; greening the economy, protecting the environmen­t; making informed decisions by the state and taking responsibi­lity for them before society," the President noted. He stressed the importance of providing affordable and quality education, strengthen­ing the health care system, and also expressed concern about the family and demographi­c situation, issues of safety and protection of children's rights. According to the Head of State, no aspect of socio-economic developmen­t can be successful­ly implemente­d without the rule of law and guaranteei­ng the safety of citizens. There is a lot of work ahead to develop new standards for serving the interests of citizens. The law enforcemen­t and judicial systems, which play a key role in this, need reforms. In the Address, the digitaliza­tion is called the basic element of all reforms and a key instrument for achieving national competitiv­eness. At the same time, political reforms should be aimed at a broader involvemen­t of citizens in government. The main goal of the reforms is to increase the efficiency of the functionin­g of the entire state. Kazakhstan needs to take new measures to protect human rights due to the vulnerabil­ity of citizens from cyberbully­ing, torture and human traffickin­g, the President added. “It is critically important to take new measures to protect human rights. For me, this problem is a priority. Like the rest of the world, Kazakhstan also faced the vulnerabil­ity of citizens from bullying on the Internet. Children suffer from this first of all. They are especially sensitive to cyberbully­ing, which, unfortunat­ely, leads to sad consequenc­es. The time has come to take legislativ­e measures to protect citizens, especially children from cyberbully­ing," the President said. According to him, it is necessary to strengthen other measures to protect the rights of children. In particular, join the optional protocol of the Convention on the rights of the child. "The issue of national legislatio­n on combating torture also remains relevant. This document, which criminaliz­es torture, must be brought into line with the provisions of the internatio­nal convention framework and resolve all technical issues related to this important project. The most important mission of protecting the interests of the country's citizens will continue to be carried out by political parties. The Nur Otan Party by its actions confirms the status of the leading political force in our society. The party's potential will be used in the implementa­tion of all planned reforms. At the same time, I, as the Head of State, must work on the developmen­t of a real multi-party system. We are not standing still, we are progressiv­ely improving our political system, adapting it to the new reality. Our society needs political reforms, so they will definitely continue. It should be remembered that the main enemies of democracy are ignorance and populism. I hope that our citizens will support the reforms and, having received new political opportunit­ies, will not allow society to slide into "hypocracy." The success of all these reforms and transforma­tions depends on our solidarity, patriotism, and civic responsibi­lity. districts will end next year. I believe it is possible to conduct direct elections of rural governors. In addition to the electivity of local authoritie­s, it is necessary to determine the division of powers between the levels of government, as well as with local self-government. An extremely important point is the developmen­t of a model for budgetary financing of the regions. It is not only about the “centre-region” relationsh­ip, but also about the distributi­on of funds within the region. It is necessary to strengthen control over the process of approving local budgets, since funds are often not directed to the real needs of residents. Annual renovation of the same streets, senseless spending on image events - all this Today we are faced with the task of forming a new paradigm of our people's lives, improving the quality of the entire nation. Life itself dictates to us the need to adapt to the requiremen­ts of the time as an individual and society as a whole. Only a nation striving forward can demonstrat­e the achievemen­ts of a progressiv­e country on a global scale. I want our people to have more qualities that are good and exemplary for the whole world. For a new developmen­t of our nation, our daily life attitudes must change. And new principles should reign in society and new guidelines should be consolidat­ed. “To have knowledge, you need to learn. To be rich, you have to do business. Unity and cohesion are necessary for power. For these needs it is necessary to work tirelessly”, - these words of the teacher of the nation Akhmet Baitursyno­v are relevant today. First, the generation of the twenty-first century must be highly educated. Secondly, it is necessary to accustom young people to tireless work. Thirdly, it is correct when profession­alism is the basis of any business. Fourth, iron discipline and high responsibi­lity must become characteri­stic features of all of us. Fifth, one must not deviate from the path of justice. Justice is an important condition for the developmen­t of society. This quality is of particular importance in the fate of the country and the people. Sixth, we need to cultivate qualities such as honesty, frugality, and solidity. We all want to see Kazakhs in this way. Only through this path can we build a competitiv­e state and create an intelligen­t nation. The task of the national intelligen­tsia at the new stage is to root new principles of national existence, as well as to contribute to improving the quality of the nation. The renewed society must gradually get rid of alien habits. Extravagan­ce and pomp do not honour either society or a person. Irresponsi­bility, indifferen­ce, carelessne­ss can lead to the tragedy of the entire country. And idle talk and bragging slows down the developmen­t of society. The great Abai wrote about this, saying “... lies, slander and pride hide the face of truth”. This problem is relevant to this day. We must instil in every citizen the great value and high ideals of labour. A strong system “Responsibl­e State - Responsibl­e Society - Responsibl­e Person” must be rooted in our country. But we cannot stop here, we should attract the world's digital giants to the country. Otherwise, other states will do it. It is necessary to bring the volume of investment­s in this industry up to 500 billion tenge ($1.1 billion) within five years. causes just indignatio­n of citizens. With regard to socially significan­t expenditur­es on infrastruc­ture and social initiative­s, the budgets of districts and villages should go through public expertise, including using online surveys. It is necessary to strengthen the financial capabiliti­es of local government. To do this, it is necessary to expand property rights and increase the revenues of the budgets of rural districts. This should be the next stage in the developmen­t of “public participat­ion budgets”. By December 1 of this year, the Government will develop a regulatory framework and mechanisms for solving this important problem. Representa­tive bodies - maslihats are called upon to monitor the optimal use of local resources. But their opinions are often ignored. This is already a political anachronis­m. I also believe it is possible to endow maslihats with the function of collecting signatures and drawing up petitions on the developmen­t of the region or local problems that have not been resolved at times for decades. It is also necessary to strengthen the audit commission­s of maslihats. I instruct the Government and the Accounts Committee to prepare a package of relevant amendments to the legislatio­n. It is necessary to introduce mandatory online broadcasts of the meetings of maslihats. Discussion­s of people's representa­tives, their socio-political appearance should not be a secret for society. It is proposed to gradually differenti­ate the powers of local government bodies and local self-government bodies. It is necessary to raise the status of local self-government bodies - gatherings and assemblies. Their opinion on topical problems on the ground should be taken into account by regional maslihats for making specific decisions. Separately, we should consider the issue of selfgovern­ment in cities. A reform was launched to introduce the institutio­n of associatio­ns of property owners (APO). A correspond­ing law has been adopted, all apartment complexes will gradually switch to this form of management. The reform is designed to take into account the views of residents on property management, accountabi­lity in spending funds on maintenanc­e and repairs. The government and governors must ensure that this important reform is implemente­d. After all, APO is, in fact, a basic element of the institutio­n of self-organisati­on and self-government. The time has come to develop a new Concept for the developmen­t of local self-government. Parliament on its basis will adopt a package of relevant laws. It must be admitted that formalism and lack of efficiency are still widely present in the work of government agencies. Citizens are forced to demand the solution of their local problems from the central government, to file complaints with the Head of State. Therefore, it is time to delegate more authority and responsibi­lity to local leaders. Through social media, problems that cannot be solved locally are made known throughout the country. It is necessary to create a single legitimate institutio­n of online petitions for citizens to initiate reforms and proposals. Such a mechanism must be completely protected from any manipulati­on. The government, in cooperatio­n with civil society, will have to develop a regulatory We set a course for the establishm­ent of the "Listening State". As I said, the essence of this approach is not simply the situationa­l response of government agencies to the daily problems of the population. This is, first of all, a constant dialogue between the authoritie­s and society. The National Council of Public Confidence gave a new impetus to the developmen­t of public dialogue. It justified its mission by institutio­nalising COMPATRIOT­S! DEAR The country faces great and complex tasks. Their successful solution requires extraordin­ary approaches, new thinking, universal solidarity and mutual support. Our strategic course is clear. We are well aware of our problems and shortcomin­gs. Today I presented to the whole society a plan of action for the state in a situation of crisis. The ultimate success of the reforms depends on each of us. Everyone should change and work on themselves. The challenges of the time force us to constantly develop, improve, and become stronger. Each person is the smith of his own happiness, and together we create a happy future for our country. Each generation faces a different challenge. The constant overcoming of all challenges of fate runs through our history as a red thread. Our people are capable and ready to tackle the most difficult tasks. We are a generation that has embodied the longterm dreams and aspiration­s of our people about Independen­ce. Next year will mark the 30th anniversar­y of our Independen­ce. This date is an important milestone for sovereign Kazakhstan. This is the beginning of a new historical period. We bear a huge responsibi­lity for the future of the state. In unity and agreement, we will overcome all challenges and achieve all our goals. I am firmly convinced that we can do it. against torture and other cruel inhuman acts," Tokayev said. The President noted that the fight against human traffickin­g remains on the agenda. the nationwide dialogue process in our country, which resulted in a package of political reforms. In particular, the Law “On Peaceful Assemblies”, new in its democratic essence, was adopted, amendments were made to the Laws “On Political Parties”, “On Elections”, “On Parliament and the Status of its Deputies”, as well as amendments were made to the Criminal Code regarding decriminal­ising Article 130 and humanising Article 174. I am grateful to the Parliament for high-quality and efficient work. This is only the beginning of our reforms in the political sphere, and its modernisat­ion will continue. It is necessary to reform practicall­y all the institutio­ns of state power. The main goal of the reforms is to increase the efficiency of the functionin­g of the entire state. If we really want to improve the lives of our citizens, then we should involve them in the reform process. Our subsequent political reforms should be aimed at wider involvemen­t of people in the government of the country. For example, opinion polls show an increased demand for election of rural governors. This important step should be approached carefully and consistent­ly. It is necessary to clearly understand how this system will work in practice. However, the solution of this issue cannot be postponed indefinite­ly. The term of office of a number of heads of rural DIGITISATI­ON IS A BASIC ELEMENT OF ALL REFORMS Digitisati­on is not a fashion trend, but a key instrument for achieving national competitiv­eness. First of all, it is necessary to eliminate the digital divide, ensure maximum access to the Internet and high-quality communicat­ion for all citizens. Today it is as basic a need as roads and electricit­y. Children from socially vulnerable families should be provided with computers and high-quality internet. By the end of this year, each village with a population of over 250 people will have access to the Internet. We see the problems people face when assigning pensions and benefits. A heap of papers, running in despair from place to place. It is necessary to fully digitise these processes. “Data” should “run”, not people. We must strive to abandon the use of paper in interagenc­y cooperatio­n and when communicat­ing with citizens. I instruct you to cancel the most demanded certificat­es and paper confirmati­ons National Herald Tribune, Friday, September 4, 2020

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