Early mar­riage, low edu main causes of vi­o­lence against women

Pakistan Observer - - NATIONAL -

HY­DER­ABAD— Early age of mar­riage and l ow level of ed­u­ca­tion are the main causes of domestic vi­o­lence against women, said a ‘Fact Sheet’ is­sued here by Rut­gers WPF on Satur­day. Rut­gers WPF, an in­ter­na­tional or­ga­ni­za­tion, has con­ducted a quan­ti­ta­tive sur­vey in six dis­tricts of the coun­try with the sup­port of Pak­istan Gen­der based Vi­o­lence Re­pro­duc­tive Health Net­work (PGRN).

Th­ese part­ner or­ga­ni­za­tions have con­ducted the sur­vey in Pun­jab - Dera Ghazi Khan and Muzaf­fer­garh, Sindh - Ja­cob­a­bad and Kash­more and Balochis­tan-Jafferabad and Naseer­abad. Ac­cord­ing to the facts and fig­ures, a to­tal of 4885 women were in­ter­viewed from 26 ur­ban and 124 ru­ral union coun­cils at their house­holds in the above men­tioned dis­tricts.

The fact sheet re­veals that 61 per­cent of women cov­ered un­der this study were chil­dren when they got mar­ried as per in­ter­na­tional def­i­ni­tion of UN con­ven­tion on the Right of the Child 1990, 34 per­cent mar­riage were set­tled be­fore the age of 16 which is against Mus­lim Fam­ily Laws Or­di­nance 1961, 64 per­cent of women have never been to school.

In spite of all, more than 77 per­cent of the mar­riages were set­tled un­der some kind of cus­tom­ary prac­tices in­clud­ing Vanni, Swara, Sang Chatti, Badal, Bazo, Watta Satta, and Pait Likhai. Fifty eight per­cent of th­ese mar­riages are set­tled un­der ex­change mar­riages known as Watta Satta and Pait Likhai. Rut­gers WPF said that early mar­riage and low ed­u­ca­tion are co-re­lated due to which 70 per­cent women got mar­riages be­fore the age of 16.

Mean­while the Speak­ers of a sem­i­nar on “Wel­fare of girls”, or­gan­ised by HANDS and other so­cial wel­fare or­gan­i­sa­tions at Deputy Com­mis­sioner’s Of­fice Ma­tiari on Fri­day have de­manded amend­ment in Child Mar­riage Bill and mak­ing it more ef­fec­tive to pre­vent the child mar­riage in all sense.

They de­manded the pro­tec­tion of the rights of chil­dren and to con­vert the bill into a wel­fare bill for chil­dren. They also de­manded com­plete ban on the mar­riage of girls hav­ing an age be­low 18 years. Gen­eral Sec­re­tary HANDS Bilqees Rehman said that child mar­riage not only af­fect the health of chil­dren, but pushes them in psy­cho­log­i­cal prob­lems as well. She said that child mar­riage has be­come a se­ri­ous so­cial is­sue of the coun­try that needs much at­ten­tion to get it re­solved. She said the coming gen­er­a­tion of the coun­try de­pends upon a healthy mother which could give birth to healthy chil­dren for a healthy and dis­ci­plined so­ci­ety. She de­manded for giv­ing se­vere pun­ish­ment to the par­ents, who are re­spon­si­ble for child mar­riage. The other speak­ers said that in ru­ral area not only child mar­riage is tak­ing place but in­no­cent girls are be­ing sold out as com­pen­sa­tion of the per­sonal sins of the par­ents.—APP

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