Early marriage, low edu main causes of violence against women
HYDERABAD— Early age of marriage and l ow level of education are the main causes of domestic violence against women, said a ‘Fact Sheet’ issued here by Rutgers WPF on Saturday. Rutgers WPF, an international organization, has conducted a quantitative survey in six districts of the country with the support of Pakistan Gender based Violence Reproductive Health Network (PGRN).
These partner organizations have conducted the survey in Punjab - Dera Ghazi Khan and Muzaffergarh, Sindh - Jacobabad and Kashmore and Balochistan-Jafferabad and Naseerabad. According to the facts and figures, a total of 4885 women were interviewed from 26 urban and 124 rural union councils at their households in the above mentioned districts.
The fact sheet reveals that 61 percent of women covered under this study were children when they got married as per international definition of UN convention on the Right of the Child 1990, 34 percent marriage were settled before the age of 16 which is against Muslim Family Laws Ordinance 1961, 64 percent of women have never been to school.
In spite of all, more than 77 percent of the marriages were settled under some kind of customary practices including Vanni, Swara, Sang Chatti, Badal, Bazo, Watta Satta, and Pait Likhai. Fifty eight percent of these marriages are settled under exchange marriages known as Watta Satta and Pait Likhai. Rutgers WPF said that early marriage and low education are co-related due to which 70 percent women got marriages before the age of 16.
Meanwhile the Speakers of a seminar on “Welfare of girls”, organised by HANDS and other social welfare organisations at Deputy Commissioner’s Office Matiari on Friday have demanded amendment in Child Marriage Bill and making it more effective to prevent the child marriage in all sense.
They demanded the protection of the rights of children and to convert the bill into a welfare bill for children. They also demanded complete ban on the marriage of girls having an age below 18 years. General Secretary HANDS Bilqees Rehman said that child marriage not only affect the health of children, but pushes them in psychological problems as well. She said that child marriage has become a serious social issue of the country that needs much attention to get it resolved. She said the coming generation of the country depends upon a healthy mother which could give birth to healthy children for a healthy and disciplined society. She demanded for giving severe punishment to the parents, who are responsible for child marriage. The other speakers said that in rural area not only child marriage is taking place but innocent girls are being sold out as compensation of the personal sins of the parents.—APP